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Boosting cycles and Stabilization effects of Fiscal Rules

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  • Daney, Valdivia
  • Marcelo, Montegro

Abstract

The dynamic and the structure of the economy determine the effects of political economy shocks, fiscal and monetary policy. Based on a DSGE model and stylized facts for small open economy, we evaluate the effects of fiscal consumption tax shocks on the presence of two fiscal rules in the periods of 1990 to 2000 and 2001 to 2010. The two rules are based on: first, taxes adjust according to the debt level and government expenditures; and second, balanced budget where taxes adjust every time in order to preserve the equilibrium in the fiscal budget. Results show that after the fiscal shock hits the economy, the first fiscal rule has mayor stabilization effects on the economy than the second one, around 50%, and the GPD react greater than in the second period, 0.02%.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 32115.

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Date of creation: 05 Jul 2011
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:32115

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Keywords: Government expenditure; fiscal rule; pass - through; rule-of- thumb households;

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  1. Jordi Galí & J. David López-Salido, 2003. "Understanding the Effects of Government Spending on Consumption," Working Papers 73, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
  2. Andrew Mountford & Harald Uhlig, 2005. "What are the Effects of Fiscal Policy Shocks?," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2005-039, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
  3. Olivier Blanchard & Roberto Perotti, 1999. "An Empirical Characterization of the Dynamic Effects of Changes in Government Spending and Taxes on Output," NBER Working Papers 7269, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Fatás, Antonio & Mihov, Ilian, 2001. "The Effects of Fiscal Policy on Consumption and Employment: Theory and Evidence," CEPR Discussion Papers 2760, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Rodrigo Caputo & Felipe Liendo & Juan Pablo Medina, 2007. "New Keynesian Models for Chile in the Inflation-Targeting Period," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series, in: Frederic S. Miskin & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Se (ed.), Monetary Policy under Inflation Targeting, edition 1, volume 11, chapter 13, pages 507-546 Central Bank of Chile.
  6. Daney Valdivia, 2008. "¿Es Importante la Fijación de Precios para Entender la Dinámica de la Inflación en Bolivia?," Development Research Working Paper Series 02/2008, Institute for Advanced Development Studies.
  7. Carlos Garcia & Jorge Restrepo, 2007. "How Effective is Government Spending in a Small Open Economy with Distortionary Taxes," ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers inv188, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines.
  8. Schmitt-Grohe, Stephanie & Uribe, Martin, 1997. "Balanced-Budget Rules, Distortionary Taxes, and Aggregate Instability," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(5), pages 976-1000, October.
  9. Javier Andrés & Rafael Doménech & Campbell Leith, 2006. "Fiscal Policy, Macroeconomic Stability And Finite Horizons," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 53(1), pages 72-89, 02.
  10. Daney, Valdivia & Marcelo, Montenegro, 2009. "Bolivia’s fiscal rules: dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model approach," MPRA Paper 32114, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  11. Smets, Frank & Wouters, Raf, 2002. "An estimated stochastic dynamic general equilibrium model of the euro area," Working Paper Series 0171, European Central Bank.
  12. Schmidt-Hebbel, Klaus & Tapia, Matias, 2002. "Inflation targeting in Chile," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 125-146, August.
  13. Frank Smets & Raf Wouters, 2002. "Monetary policy in an estimated stochastic dynamic general equilibrium model of the Euro area," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue Mar.
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