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A reevaluation of the impact of financial development on economic growth and its sources by regions

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  • Dabos, Marcelo
  • Williams, Tomas

Abstract

This work estimates the impact of Private Credit to the private sector and Liquid Liabilities (as measures of financial development) on economic growth, capital growth and productivity growth for different regions. Estimations are conducted with a panel database of 78 countries and 35 years using GMM system estimator method for dynamic panel data, correcting by Windme¼er (2005) robust errors and using fewer and relevant instruments compared to the established procedure in the literature of financial development and economic growth. We consider four geographical regions, Latin Amerca, Europe and North America, Asia and Africa. The results with this new methodology, that improves the inference over the usual one used in the literature , suggest a significant effect of financial development in economic growth for the entire panel (for the measue of Liquid Liabilities) and Latin America. We find no evidence of an effect of our financial development measures over physical capital accumulation but there is a positive effect of financial development, measure by liquidity, over total factor productivity growth. The effect of financial development over economic growth is greater in the less developed regions.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 27297.

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Date of creation: 02 Dec 2009
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:27297

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Related research

Keywords: Financial development; economic development; productivity growth; capital growth; financial intermediation; economic growth;

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References

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  1. Ross Levine, 2004. "Finance and Growth: Theory and Evidence," NBER Working Papers 10766, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2000. "The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation," NBER Working Papers 7771, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Beck, T.H.L. & Levine, R. & Loayza, N., 2000. "Financial intermediation and growth: Causality and causes," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-3125519, Tilburg University.
  4. Neven Valev & Felix Rioja, 2002. "Finance and the Sources of Growth at Various Stages of Economic Development," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper0217, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
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  7. M Arellano & O Bover, 1990. "Another Look at the Instrumental Variable Estimation of Error-Components Models," CEP Discussion Papers dp0007, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  8. José Pablo Dapena, 2009. "Rol del mercado de capitales en el crecimiento de la economía: literatura y evidencia para Argentina," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 393, Universidad del CEMA.
  9. Rioja, Felix & Valev, Neven, 2004. "Does one size fit all?: a reexamination of the finance and growth relationship," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(2), pages 429-447, August.
  10. Michael Clemens & Samuel Bazzi, 2009. "Blunt Instruments: On Establishing the Causes of Economic Growth," Working Papers 171, Center for Global Development.
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  12. De Gregorio, Jose & Guidotti, Pablo E., 1995. "Financial development and economic growth," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 433-448, March.
  13. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
  14. Arellano, Manuel & Bond, Stephen, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(2), pages 277-97, April.
  15. Beck, Thorsten & Levine, Ross & Loayza, Norman, 1999. "Finance and the sources of growth," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2057, The World Bank.
  16. Beck , Thorsten & Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Levine, Ross, 2009. "Financial institutions and markets across countries and over time - data and analysis," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4943, The World Bank.
  17. David Roodman, 2007. "A Note on the Theme of Too Many Instruments," Working Papers 125, Center for Global Development.
  18. Windmeijer, Frank, 2005. "A finite sample correction for the variance of linear efficient two-step GMM estimators," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 126(1), pages 25-51, May.
  19. repec:pdn:wpaper:17 is not listed on IDEAS
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