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The internationalization of firms in the service industries: channels, determinants and sectoral patterns

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  • Castellacci, Fulvio

Abstract

The paper presents the results of a new survey on the international activities of Norwegian enterprises in the service industries. The survey focuses on three main internationalization channels: international sales, international cooperation and R&D outsourcing. The empirical analysis studies the relevance of these channels, and investigates the related strategies, objectives and determinants. International sales and collaborations emerge as the two most relevant channels, whereas the scope for R&D outsourcing seems to be far more limited. The analysis of the determinants of international activities leads to three main results: (1) the innovative capability of firms matters for their international performance; (2) the various internationalization channels seem to be complement, rather than substitute, strategies to compete in foreign markets; (3) sectoral specificities greatly affect firms’ internationalization strategies and performance.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 26548.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Publication status: Published in Technological Forecasting and Social Change 3.77(2010): pp. 500-513
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:26548

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Keywords: internationalization; international cooperations; R&D outsourcing; innovation; service industries; survey data;

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References

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  1. Drejer, Ina, 2004. "Identifying innovation in surveys of services: a Schumpeterian perspective," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 551-562, April.
  2. David Greenaway & Richard Kneller, 2007. "Firm heterogeneity, exporting and foreign direct investment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 117(517), pages F134-F161, 02.
  3. Rinaldo Evangelista, 2000. "Sectoral Patterns Of Technological Change In Services," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(3), pages 183-222.
  4. Veugelers, Reinhilde & Cassiman, Bruno, 1999. "Make and buy in innovation strategies: evidence from Belgian manufacturing firms," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 63-80, January.
  5. Rajneesh Narula & Antonello Zanfei, 2003. "Globalisation of Innovation The Role of Multinational Enterprises," DRUID Working Papers, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies 03-15, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
  6. Fulvio, Castellacci, 2007. "Technological paradigms, regimes and trajectories: Manufacturing and service industries in a new taxonomy of sectoral patterns of innovation," MPRA Paper 26408, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Archibugi, Daniele & Michie, Jonathan, 1995. "The Globalisation of Technology: A New Taxonomy," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(1), pages 121-40, February.
  8. Fulvio Castellacci, 2007. "Innovation in Norway in a European Perspective," Working Papers on Innovation Studies, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo 20070609, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
  9. Archibugi, Daniele & Iammarino, Simona, 1999. "The policy implications of the globalisation of innovation," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(2-3), pages 317-336, March.
  10. Castellacci, Fulvio, 2008. "Innovation and the competitiveness of industries: comparing the mainstream and the evolutionary approaches," MPRA Paper 27523, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  11. Carlsson, Bo, 2006. "Internationalization of innovation systems: A survey of the literature," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 56-67, February.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Spyros Arvanitis & Tobias Stucki & Heinz Hollenstein, 2013. "Determinants of Internationalisation – Do they Differ among Sectors and Business Functions? Evidence from Firm-level Data," KOF Working papers, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich 13-348, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
  2. Sdiri, Hanen & Ayadi, Mohamed, 2011. "Rôle de l'internationalisation des entreprises tunisiennes de service dans la promotion de l'innovation
    [Role of the Tunisian service firms internationalization in promoting innovation]
    ," MPRA Paper 34036, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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