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Migration and Regional Convergence: An Empirical Investigation for Turkey

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  • Kirdar, Murat
  • Saracoglu, Sirin

Abstract

The standard growth model predicts that allowing for labor mobility across regions would increase the speed of convergence in per capita income levels and that migration has a negative causal impact on regional growth rates. Although the empirical literature has uncovered some evidence for the former implication, the latter has not been verified empirically. This paper provides empirical evidence for the negative causal impact of migration on provincial growth rates in a developing country with a high level of internal migration that is characterized by unskilled labor exiting rural areas for urban centers. We utilize an instrumental variables estimation method with an instrument unique to the country examined, and we also control for provincial fixed effects.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 2648.

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Date of creation: Apr 2007
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:2648

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Keywords: Regional convergence; Regional growth; Internal migration; Fixed effects; IV estimation;

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References

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  1. Orhan Karaca, 2004. "Türkiye’de Bölgelerarasý Gelir Farklýlýklarý: Yakýnsama Var mý?," Working Papers, Turkish Economic Association 2004/7, Turkish Economic Association.
  2. Aysit Tansel & Nil Demet Gungor, 1999. "Economic Growth and Convergence An Application to the Provinces of Turkey, 1975-1995," Working Papers, Economic Research Forum 9908, Economic Research Forum, revised Mar 1999.
  3. Caselli, Francesco & Esquivel, Gerardo & Lefort, Fernando, 1996. " Reopening the Convergence Debate: A New Look at Cross-Country Growth Empirics," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, Springer, vol. 1(3), pages 363-89, September.
  4. Temel, Tugrul T. & Tansel, Aysit & Albersen, P.J., 1999. "Convergence and Spatial Patterns in Labor Productivity: Nonparametric Estimations for Turkey," Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, vol. 29(1).
  5. Shioji, Etsuro, 2001. "Composition Effect of Migration and Regional Growth in Japan," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 29-49, March.
  6. Islam, Nazrul, 1995. "Growth Empirics: A Panel Data Approach," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 110(4), pages 1127-70, November.
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Cited by:
  1. Elena Vakulenko, 2014. "Does migration lead to regional convergence in Russia?," HSE Working papers, National Research University Higher School of Economics WP BRP 53/EC/2014, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
  2. Etzo, Ivan, 2008. "Internal migration: a review of the literature," MPRA Paper, University Library of Munich, Germany 8783, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Ozgen, Ceren & Nijkamp, Peter & Poot, Jacques, 2009. "The Effect of Migration on Income Growth and Convergence: Meta-Analytic Evidence," IZA Discussion Papers, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) 4522, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Buch, Tanja & Hamann, Silke & Meier, Henning & Niebuhr, Annekatrin & Peters, Cornelius & Puckelwald, Johannes, 2011. "Analyse der Berücksichtigung eines Wanderungsindikators im Rahmen der Abgrenzung des GRW-Fördergebiets : Gutachten für die Gemeinschaftsaufgabe "Verbesserung der regionalen Wirtschaftsstruktur," IAB-Forschungsbericht, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] 201104, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  5. Unal Zenginobuz & Sumru Altug, 2009. "What has been the Role of Investment in Turkey's Growth Performance?," Working Papers, Bogazici University, Department of Economics 2009/02, Bogazici University, Department of Economics.
  6. Etzo, Ivan, 2008. "Internal migration and growth in Italy," MPRA Paper, University Library of Munich, Germany 8642, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Fatih Celebioglu & Sandy Dall’erba, 2010. "Spatial disparities across the regions of Turkey: an exploratory spatial data analysis," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, Springer, vol. 45(2), pages 379-400, October.

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