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Dimensione e dinamica della povertà nell’Unione Europea dopo l’allargamento: un’analisi comparata delle determinanti dei movimenti delle famiglie
[Poverty and inequality dynamics in the enlarged Europe: a comparative analysis of determinants of households’ movements]

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Author Info

  • Polin, Veronica
  • Raitano, Michele

Abstract

The paper analyses the static and dynamic risk of poverty in the enlarged European Union. In the first part of the paper an overview of cross-sectional poverty rates in 25 European Member States (apart from Romania and Bulgaria) using several indexes is presented and assessed. In the second part, the dynamics of poverty is studied in a comparative fashion. Using longitudinal micro-level data from EU-SILC, we estimate the role of changes of several factors (e.g. employment status and hours worked, household structure, welfare cash benefits) in affecting the likelihood of falling into or leaving poverty. Our econometric analysis shows that employment status is an important factor affecting, in a significative way, transitions into and out of poverty in the European Union. Other life-course events examined and changes in welfare programs appear to been closely associated with poverty mobility, but for these factors significance and sign differ across countries

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 25567.

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Date of creation: Oct 2009
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:25567

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Keywords: static and dynamic risk of poverty; European Union; welfare state;

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References

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  1. Duncan, Greg J, et al, 1993. "Poverty Dynamics in Eight Countries," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 6(3), pages 215-34.
  2. Aassve, Arnstein & Burgess, Simon & Dickson, Matt & Propper, Carol, 2005. "Modelling poverty by not modelling poverty: an application of a simultaneous hazards approach to the UK," ISER Working Paper Series 2005-26, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
  3. Cesar Calvo & Stefan Dercon, 2007. "Chronic Poverty and All That: The Measurement of Poverty over Time," CSAE Working Paper Series 2007-04, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
  4. Mary Jo Bane & David T. Ellwood, 1986. "Slipping into and out of Poverty: The Dynamics of Spells," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 21(1), pages 1-23.
  5. Onno Hoffmeister, 2009. "The Spatial Structure Of Income Inequality In The Enlarged Eu," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 55(1), pages 101-127, 03.
  6. Pablo Antolín & Thai-Thanh Dang & Howard Oxley, 1999. "Poverty Dynamics in Four OECD Countries," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 212, OECD Publishing.
  7. Romina Boarini & Marco Mira d'Ercole, 2006. "Measures of Material Deprivation in OECD Countries," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 37, OECD Publishing.
  8. Andrea Brandolini, 2007. "Measurement of income distribution in supranational entities: the case of the European Union," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers), Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area 623, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
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