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Exchange Rate Policy under Floating Regime in Bangladesh: An Assessment and Strategic Policy Options

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  • Hossain, Monzur
  • Ahmed, Mansur

Abstract

This paper examines the exchange rate policy in Bangladesh for the period 2000-08. Regime classification of the paper suggests that Bangladesh maintained a de facto managed floating regime by intervening in the foreign exchange market on a regular basis. This is at odds with the Bangladesh Bank's claim of maintaining de jure floating regimesince end-May 2003. A high exchange rate pass-through is observed along with high market pressure during the period of expansionary monetary policy. Given the thin foreign exchange market and high pass-through effects, it appears difficult for Bangladesh to mainatin a freely floating regime. Although Bangladesh maintained average competitiveness, the currency remained somewhat overvalued. Based on the findings, some pragmatic policies in managing the exchange rate in Bnagladesh have been suggested.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 20487.

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Date of creation: Oct 2009
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Publication status: Published in Bangladesh Development Studies No. 4.Vol. X(2009): pp. 35-67
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:20487

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Keywords: Exchange Rate; Floating Regime; Bangladesh;

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  1. Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2004. "The Modern History of Exchange Rate Arrangements: A Reinterpretation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 119(1), pages 1-48, February.
  2. Leonardo Hernández & Peter Montiel, 2001. "Post-Crisis Exchange Rate Policy in Five Asian Countries: Filling in the "Hollow Middle"?," Center for Development Economics 167, Department of Economics, Williams College.
  3. Johansen, Søren & Juselius, Katarina, 1992. "Testing structural hypotheses in a multivariate cointegration analysis of the PPP and the UIP for UK," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 53(1-3), pages 211-244.
  4. Girton, Lance & Roper, Don, 1977. "A Monetary Model of Exchange Market Pressure Applied to the Postwar Canadian Experience," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(4), pages 537-48, September.
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