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Disparités régionales et diffusion des TIC en Tunisie
[Regional disparities and ICTs diffusion in Tunisia]


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  • METHAMEM, Raouchen
  • M'HENNI, Hatem


The aim of this article consists in showing in what the emergence of new generation of information and communication technologies can be a worsening factor of imbalances between urban zones and rural zones and contribute to a thickening of the urban zones. Contrary to presupposed theoretical praising the capacity of these technologies to rebalance the development and to reverse the location of economic agents with their location. We will show in what these technologies could lead to a greater urban concentration in the less developed Countries (LDC’s). Indeed, four complementary explanatory factors are explained and illustrated in the case of Tunisia. The territorial dynamics engaged by the concentration of industries in the cities finds a second breath with the ICT.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 17938.

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Date of creation: Mar 2009
Date of revision: 2009
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:17938

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Keywords: disparités spatiales; fracture numérique; Technologies de l’information et de la communication; Exode rural; localisation spatiale.;

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  1. Edward J. Malecki, 2001. "Going digital in rural America," Proceedings – Rural and Agricultural Conferences, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Sep, pages 49-68.
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  3. Barney Warf, 2001. "Segueways into cyberspace: multiple geographies of the digital divide," Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, Pion Ltd, London, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 28(1), pages 3-19, January.
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  7. Lisa J. Servon, 2001. "Community Technology Centers and the Urban Technology Gap," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 25(2), pages 419-426, 06.
  8. Premkumar, G. & Roberts, Margaret, 1999. "Adoption of new information technologies in rural small businesses," Omega, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 27(4), pages 467-484, August.
  9. Stephen Graham, 2001. "Information Technologies and Reconfigurations of Urban Space," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 25(2), pages 405-410, 06.
  10. Bradford F. Mills & Brian E. Whitacre, 2003. "Understanding the Non-Metropolitan-Metropolitan Digital Divide," Growth and Change, Gatton College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky, Gatton College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky, vol. 34(2), pages 219-243.
  11. Fernando Lera & Margarita Billón, 2004. "The North-South Digital Divide in Information and Communication Technologies Development: the Case for Spanish Regions," ERSA conference papers ersa04p307, European Regional Science Association.
  12. Barry Wellman, 2001. "Physical Place and Cyberplace: The Rise of Personalized Networking," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 25(2), pages 227-252, 06.
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