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Culture matters: America’s African Diaspora and labor market outcomes


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  • Mason, Patrick


This paper contrasts the explanatory power of the mono-cultural and diversity models of racial disparity. The mono-cultural model ignores nativity and ethnic differences among African Americans. The diversity model assumes that culture affects both intra- and interracial labor market disparity. The diversity model seeks to enhance our ability to understand the relative merits of culture versus market discrimination as determinants of racial inequality in labor market outcomes. Our results are consistent with the diversity model of racial inequality. Specifically, racial disparity consists of the following outcomes: 1) persistent racial wage and employment effects between both native and immigrant African Americans and whites, 2) limited ethnicity effects among African Americans, 3) diverse employment and wage effects among native and immigrant African Americans, 4) intra-racial wage penalties (premiums) for immigrant (native) African Americans, and 5) evidence of relatively higher unobserved productivity-linked attributes among Caribbean-English immigrants. There are regional and intertemporal variations in these inequalities.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 17497.

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Date of creation: 25 May 2009
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:17497

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Keywords: racial discrimination; racial inequality; immigration; identity; African American; Caribbean; African Diaspora; wage discrimination; employment discrimination; Hispanic; acting white; multi-racial; skin shade;

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  1. Kristin F. Butcher, 1994. "Black immigrants in the United States: A comparison with native blacks and other immigrants," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 47(2), pages 265-284, January.
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Cited by:
  1. Suzanne Model, 2013. "The Effect of Nativity, Ethnicity and Race on the Earnings of Cape Verdean Americans," The Review of Black Political Economy, Springer, Springer, vol. 40(4), pages 425-448, December.


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