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Financial structure, financial development and banking fragility: International evidence

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  • Ruiz-Porras, Antonio

Abstract

We study the effects of financial structure and financial development on banking fragility. We develop our study by using fixed-effects panel-data regressions and by controlling the effects of certain banking indicators. We use individual and principal-components indicators of the activity, size and efficiency of intermediaries and markets. The indicators include data for 211 countries between 1990 and 2003. Our main findings suggest that banking stability is enhanced in market-based financial systems. Financial development reduces it. However this fragility-enhancing effect can be unveiled only when we account for financial structure. Thus, financial structure and development jointly matter to assess banking fragility.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 12124.

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Date of creation: 12 Dec 2008
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:12124

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Keywords: Banks; fragility; financial structure; financial development;

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  1. Scholtens, Bert & van Wensveen, Dick, 2000. "A critique on the theory of financial intermediation," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 24(8), pages 1243-1251, August.
  2. Reinhart, Carmen & Felton, Andrew, 2008. "The First Global Financial Crisis of the 21st Century," MPRA Paper 11862, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Antonio Ruiz-Porras, 2008. "Banking Competition and Financial Fragility: Evidence from Panel-Data," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 23(1), pages 49-87.
  4. Norman Loayza & Romain Rancière, 2004. "Financial development, financial fragility and growth," Economics Working Papers, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra 855, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  5. Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Detragiache, Enrica, 2005. "Cross-country empirical studies of systemic bank distress : a survey," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3719, The World Bank.
  6. Goodhart, Charles & Illing, Gerhard (ed.), 2002. "Financial Crises, Contagion, and the Lender of Last Resort: A Reader," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780199247219, October.
  7. Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Huizinga, Harry, 2000. "Financial structure and bank profitability," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2430, The World Bank.
  8. Ruiz-Porras, Antonio, 2006. "Financial systems and banking crises: An assessment," MPRA Paper 168, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Franklin Allen, 2001. "Financial Structure and Financial Crisis," International Review of Finance, International Review of Finance Ltd., International Review of Finance Ltd., vol. 2(1&2), pages 1-19.
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