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Financial structure, financial development and banking fragility: International evidence

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  • Ruiz-Porras, Antonio

Abstract

We study the effects of financial structure and financial development on banking fragility. We develop our study by using fixed-effects panel-data regressions and by controlling the effects of certain banking indicators. We use individual and principal-components indicators of the activity, size and efficiency of intermediaries and markets. The indicators include data for 211 countries between 1990 and 2003. Our main findings suggest that banking stability is enhanced in market-based financial systems. Financial development reduces it. However this fragility-enhancing effect can be unveiled only when we account for financial structure. Thus, financial structure and development jointly matter to assess banking fragility.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 12124.

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Date of creation: 12 Dec 2008
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:12124

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Keywords: Banks; fragility; financial structure; financial development;

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  1. Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Huizinga, Harry, 2000. "Financial structure and bank profitability," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2430, The World Bank.
  2. Asli Demirgüç-Kunt & Enrica Detragiache, 2005. "Cross-Country Empirical Studies of Systemic Bank Distress: A Survey," IMF Working Papers 05/96, International Monetary Fund.
  3. Loayza, Norman V. & Ranciere, Romain, 2006. "Financial Development, Financial Fragility, and Growth," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 38(4), pages 1051-1076, June.
  4. Antonio Ruiz-Porras, 2008. "Banking Competition and Financial Fragility: Evidence from Panel-Data," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 23(1), pages 49-87.
  5. Franklin Allen, 2001. "Financial Structure and Financial Crisis," International Review of Finance, International Review of Finance Ltd., vol. 2(1&2), pages 1-19.
  6. Reinhart, Carmen & Felton, Andrew, 2008. "The First Global Financial Crisis of the 21st Century," MPRA Paper 11862, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Scholtens, Bert & van Wensveen, Dick, 2000. "A critique on the theory of financial intermediation," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(8), pages 1243-1251, August.
  8. Ruiz-Porras, Antonio, 2006. "Financial systems and banking crises: An assessment," MPRA Paper 168, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Goodhart, Charles & Illing, Gerhard (ed.), 2002. "Financial Crises, Contagion, and the Lender of Last Resort: A Reader," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199247219, Octomber.
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