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Academic Knowledge Transfers and the Structure of International Research Networks

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  • Attila Varga

    ()
    (Department of Economics and Regional Studies, University of Pécs)

  • Andrea Parag

    ()
    (Department of Economics and Regional Studies, University of Pécs)

Abstract

Az egyetemektõl az ipari innovációig áramló tudástranszfer földrajza napjaink közgazdasági szakirodalmának széles körben kutatott témájává vált. A vizsgálatok egyik meghatározó eredményeként említhetõ, hogy az egyetemek és az ipar közötti lokális tudás-áramlások hatékonyságát számos külsõ tényezõ – mint pl. az agglomeráció, a vállalkozói környezet vagy a helyi üzleti kultúra – is befolyásolja. Az egyetemek nemzetközi kutatói hálózatokba való beágyazottsága és az egyetemekrõl származó tudás szétterjedése közötti kapcsolat vizsgálata viszont igen friss fejlemény a közgazdasági szakirodalomban. A téma fontosságát egyrészt az indokolja, hogy a kutatói produktivitás és a tudományos hálózatokhoz való tartozás között szoros összefüggés fedezhetõ fel, másrészt pedig az, hogy az egyetemekhez köthetõ szabadalmak és a minõségi kutatási eredmények nem zárják ki szükségszerûen egymást. A hálózatok és a szabadalmak közötti kapcsolatok tehát ígéretes témát szolgáltatnak az elemzések számára. Tanulmányunk a nemzetközi publikációk szerzõit magában foglaló hálózatok szerkezetének (pl. koncentráció, méret, integráltság) az egyetemi szabadalmakra vonatkozó hatását vizsgálja a tudástermelési-függvény alkalmazásával a Pécsi Tudományegyetem különbözõ egységeirõl gyûjtött adatokra támaszkodva.

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File URL: http://krti-en.ktk.pte.hu/pec/pdf/200802.pdf
File Function: Revised version, 2008
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Pécs, Department of Economics and Regional Studies in its series Working Papers with number 2008/2.

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Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2008
Date of revision: Mar 2008
Handle: RePEc:pec:wpaper:2008/2

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Web page: http://www.krti-en.ktk.pte.hu/
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Related research

Keywords: University knowledge transfer; network analysis; knowledge production function;

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References

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  1. Zoltán Ács & Attila Varga, 2005. "Entrepreneurship, Agglomeration and Technological Change," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 24(3), pages 323-334, 02.
  2. Mario A. Maggioni & Mario Nosvelli & T. Erika Uberti, 2006. "Space Vs. Networks in the Geography of Innovation: A European Analysis," Working Papers 2006.153, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  3. Paul M Romer, 1999. "Endogenous Technological Change," Levine's Working Paper Archive 2135, David K. Levine.
  4. Anselin, Luc & Varga, Attila & Acs, Zoltan, 1997. "Local Geographic Spillovers between University Research and High Technology Innovations," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 422-448, November.
  5. Paul Krugman, 1990. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," NBER Working Papers 3275, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Acs, Zoltan J. & Anselin, Luc & Varga, Attila, 2002. "Patents and innovation counts as measures of regional production of new knowledge," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(7), pages 1069-1085, September.
  7. Jun Koo, 2007. "Determinants of Localized Technology Spillovers: Role of Regional and Industrial Attributes," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(7), pages 995-1011.
  8. Cowan, Robin & Jonard, Nicolas, 2004. "Network structure and the diffusion of knowledge," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 28(8), pages 1557-1575, June.
  9. Stefano Breschi & Francesco Lissoni, 2006. "Mobility of inventors and the geography of knowledge spillovers. New evidence on US data," KITeS Working Papers 184, KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy, revised Oct 2006.
  10. Jun Koo, 2005. "Agglomeration and spillovers in a simultaneous framework," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 39(1), pages 35-47, 03.
  11. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-37, October.
  12. Andrea Morrison & Roberta Rabellotti, 2005. "Knowledge and Information Networks: Evidence from an Italian Wine Local System," KITeS Working Papers 174, KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy, revised Sep 2005.
  13. Müge Ozman, 2006. "Networks and Innovation : A Survey of Empirical Literature," Working Papers of BETA 2006-07, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  14. Elisa Giuliani, 2004. "Laggard Clusters as Slow Learners, Emerging Clusters as Locus of Knowledge Cohesion (and Exclusion): A Comparative Study in the Wine Industry," LEM Papers Series 2004/09, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
  15. Elisa Giuliani, 2007. "The selective nature of knowledge networks in clusters: evidence from the wine industry," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 7(2), pages 139-168, March.
  16. Attila Varga, 1998. "Local academic knowledge spillovers and the concentration of economic activity," ERSA conference papers ersa98p493, European Regional Science Association.
  17. Mueller, Pamela, 2006. "Exploring the knowledge filter: How entrepreneurship and university-industry relationships drive economic growth," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(10), pages 1499-1508, December.
  18. Audretsch, David B & Stephan, Paula E, 1996. "Company-Scientist Locational Links: The Case of Biotechnology," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 641-52, June.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Matthias Duschl & Antje Schimke & Thomas Brenner & Dennis Luxen, 2011. "Firm Growth and the Spatial Impact of Geolocated External Factors – Empirical Evidence for German Manufacturing Firms," Working Papers on Innovation and Space 2011-03, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
  2. Duschl, Matthias & Schimke, Antje & Brenner, Thomas & Luxen, Dennis, 2011. "Firm growth and the spatial impact of geolocated external factors: Empirical evidence for German manufacturing firms," Working Paper Series in Economics 36, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Department of Economics and Business Engineering.
  3. Tamás Sebestyén & Attila Varga, 2013. "Research productivity and the quality of interregional knowledge networks," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 51(1), pages 155-189, August.

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