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Desempleo, pobreza y estrategias de protección social: Perú 1998-2005

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  • Gustavo Yamada

    ()
    (Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico)

  • Ricardo Montero

    ()
    (Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico)

Abstract

"El presente documento utiliza información de panel de las Encuestas Nacionales de Hogares del Perú entre 1998 y 2005 para estimar cuantitativamente que la pérdida del empleo de un miembro del hogar provoca en promedio los siguientes impactos negativos de corto plazo: a) reduce el ingreso familiar en 27%, b) disminuye el gasto real del hogar en 7%, c) provoca una caída en la ingesta calórica familiar de 13%, y, d) genera un aumento en la probabilidad de caer en la pobreza de 44%. De acuerdo a nuestros resultados, la estrategia utilizada más efectiva para paliar estos impactos negativos en el bienestar sería el aumento en el número de horas trabajadas a nivel familiar. Menos eficaces resultarían las transferencias familiares internas, la recepción de remesas de familiares del exterior y el acceso a programas sociales del Estado. Por último, el beneficio de la compensación por tiempo de servicios en el empleo previo no tendría ningún impacto para detener el deterioro del bienestar por la pérdida del mismo."

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File URL: http://www.up.edu.pe/ciup/SiteAssets/Lists/JER_Jerarquia/EditForm/20080201155242_08-03.pdf
File Function: First Version, 2008
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico in its series Working Papers with number 08-03.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2008
Date of revision: Feb 2008
Handle: RePEc:pai:wpaper:08-03

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Web page: http://www.up.edu.pe/
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Related research

Keywords: Desempleo; Pobreza; Protección social; Ingesta calórica;

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  1. Gustavo Yamada, 2005. "Horas de Trabajo: Determinantes y dinámica en el Perú Urbano," Working Papers 05-05, Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico, revised Jul 2005.
  2. Herrera, Javier & Rosas Shady, Gerardo David, 2003. "Labor Market Transitions in Peru," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4515, Paris Dauphine University.
  3. Gustavo Yamada, 2004. "Avances recientes," Chapters of Books, in: Gustavo Yamada (ed.), Economía laboral en el Perú: avances recientes y agenda pendiente, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 1, pages 11-42 Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico.
  4. Javier Herrera & Gerardo David Rosas Shady, 2005. "Labor Market Transitions in Peru," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 109, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research.
  5. Pritchett, Lant & Suryahadi, Asep & Sumarto, Sudarno, 2000. "Quantifying vulnerability to poverty - a proposed measure, applied to Indonesia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2437, The World Bank.
  6. Gustavo Yamada (ed.), 2005. "Horas de trabajo: determinantes y dinámica en el Perú urbano," Books, Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico, edition 1, volume 1, number 05-13, May.
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