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Immigrant’s Characteristics and their different effects on bilateral trade. Evidence from Spain

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Author Info

  • José V. Blanes

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Universidad Pablo de Olavide)

Abstract

This paper tests for the impact of immigration on bilateral trade using Spanish data from 1995 to 2003. It also explores some possible mechanisms behind this link. It uses a gravity equation for trade augmented with an immigrants stock variable and a set of control variables. The immigrants variable enters the estimated equation in different ways depending on immigrant relevant characteristics both individual and non individual-specific. Results show that there is a positive link between immigration and both exports and imports. We find evidence for the trade transaction cost channel but not for the preference one. The mechanisms behind this link are the information effect – immigrant’s additional information about product and about social and political institutions - and the social o ethnic network effect - immigrants with a medium level of education and those related to business activities are the one who have a positive effect on bilateral trade.

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File URL: http://www.upo.es/serv/bib/wps/econ0608.pdf
File Function: First version, 2006
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 06.08.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pab:wpaper:06.08

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Keywords: International Trade; Migration.;

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References

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  1. Sourafel Girma & Zhihao Yu, 2002. "The link between immigration and trade: Evidence from the United Kingdom," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 138(1), pages 115-130, March.
  2. James E. Rauch, 1996. "Networks versus Markets in International Trade," NBER Working Papers 5617, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Keith Head & John Ries, 1998. "Immigration and Trade Creation: Econometric Evidence from Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 31(1), pages 47-62, February.
  4. James E. Rauch, 2001. "Business and Social Networks in International Trade," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 39(4), pages 1177-1203, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Sara Flisi & Marina Murat, 2010. "The hub continent? Immigrant networks, emigrant diasporas and FDI," Center for Economic Research (RECent) 048, University of Modena and Reggio E., Dept. of Economics.

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