L'immigration et les Revenus Relatifs des Femmes, des Jeunes et des Personnes peu Scolarisees au Canada
AbstractThe purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of immigration on the market of some disadvantaged groups of Canadian workers, i.e., women, younger workers, and workers with low levels of schooling. The analysis is done with the micro-data from the 1981 and 1986 Canadian Censuses. Based on their distribution by industry and occupation, recent immigrants are more likely to compete with the disadvantaged groups of Canadian workers than with advantaged ones. However, an analysis of relative earnings by region shows that the relationship between the earnings differentials and the proportion of immigrants is not the same for all the disadvantaged groups. In particular, earnings differentials between men and women tend to be lower in the regions with a high proportion of immigrants than in those with a low proportion. Thus, immigration does not seem to have a negative impact on women's labour market and may even have a positive one. In contrast, earnings differentials between younger and prime age males are larger in the regions with a high proportion of immigrants than in those with a low proportion. Thus, immigration may have affected negatively the economic position of younger males, although other factors may have played a role as well. Le but de cette Ã©tude est dâexaminer lâeffet de lâimmigration sur le marchÃ© de certains groupes de travailleurs canadiens dÃ©savantagÃ©s, soit les femmes, les jeunes travailleurs et les travailleurs peu scolarisÃ©s. Lâanalyse est faite Ã partir de micro-donnÃ©es des recensements de 1981 et 1986. Sur la base de leur rÃ©partition par secteur dâactivitÃ© et par profession, les immigrants rÃ©cents sont plus susceptibles dâÃªtre en concurrence avec les travailleurs canadiens dÃ©savantagÃ©s quâavec les travailleurs avantagÃ©s. Cependant, une analyse des revenus de travail relatifs selon la rÃ©gion montre que la relation entre les Ã©carts de revenus et la proportion dâimmigrants nâest pas la mÃªme pour tous les groupes
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Ottawa, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 9108e.
Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: 1991
Date of revision:
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labour market ; industry ; income ; education;
Other versions of this item:
- Grenier, Gilles, 1992. "L’immigration et les revenus relatifs des femmes, des jeunes et des personnes peu scolarisées au Canada," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 68(4), pages 697-713, dÃ©cembre.
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Joseph Altonji & David Card, 1989.
"The Effects of Immigration on the Labor Market Outcome of Less-Skilled Natives,"
636, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
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- repec:fth:coluec:452 is not listed on IDEAS
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"The Declining Economic Position of Less-Skilled American Males,"
NBER Working Papers
3186, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Blackburn-Mckinley, L. & Bloom, D.E. & Freeman, R.B., 1989. "The Declining Economic Position Of Less-Skilled American Males," Discussion Papers 1989_41, Columbia University, Department of Economics.
- Frank Bean & B. Lowell & Lowell Taylor, 1988. "Undocumented Mexican immigrants and the earnings of other workers in the United States," Demography, Springer, vol. 25(1), pages 35-52, February.
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- Charles M. Beach & Christopher Worswick, 1993. "Is There a Double-Negative Effect on the Earnings of Immigrant Women?," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 19(1), pages 36-53, March.
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