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An ethnic polarization measure with an application to Ivory Coast data

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Author Info

  • Paul Makdissi

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Ottawa)

  • Thierry Roy

    ()
    (GRÉDI, Université de Sherbrooke)

  • Luc Savard

    ()
    (GRÉDI, Université de Sherbrooke)

Abstract

In this paper, we suggest a framework for the analysis of ethnic polarization. This framework allows for the measurement of ethnic or religious polarization. We apply our measure to Ivory Coast and find a surprising result as the ethnic polarization decreased in years preceding the conflict in the country. However, further decomposition of the ethnic polarization index allows us to understand better how the variation in polarization may have induced this conflict.

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File URL: http://www.socialsciences.uottawa.ca/sites/default/files/public/eco/fra/documents/0806E.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Ottawa, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 0806E.

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Length: 15 pages
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ott:wpaper:0806e

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Keywords: Ethnic polarization; Conflict; Ivory Coast;

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  1. Jean-Yves Duclos & Joan Esteban & Debraj Ray, 2004. "Polarization: Concepts, Measurement, Estimation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 72(6), pages 1737-1772, November.
  2. Wolfson, Michael C, 1997. "Divergent Inequalities: Theory and Empirical Results," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 43(4), pages 401-21, December.
  3. Joan Mª Esteban & Debraj Ray, 2005. "A Model of Ethnic Conflict," Working Papers 253, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
  4. Joan Esteban & Carlos Gradín & Debraj Ray, 2007. "An Extension of a Measure of Polarization, with an application to the income distribution of five OECD countries," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 1-19, April.
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Cited by:
  1. Azomahou, Theophile & Diene, Mbaye, 2012. "Income polarization and innovation: Evidence from African economies," MERIT Working Papers 048, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  2. Azomahou, Théophile T. & Diene, Mbaye, 2012. "Polarization patterns in economic development and innovation," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 421-436.

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