Survey Trust, Experimental Trust and ROSCA Membership in Rural Cameroon
AbstractBroadly speaking, economic experiments and surveys have found trust to be much lower in Africa than in industrialized countries. We analyze new experimental and survey results from rural Cameroon, where the average level of trust appears to be much higher than is typical of Africa. A substantial part of this difference can be explained by the prevalence of Rotating Saving and Credit Associations (ROSCAs) in the area: membership of a common ROSCA is one of the most important factors determining experimental behavior. Correspondingly, responses to the survey questions indicate that villagers have a high degree of trust in people with whom they interact regularly, though not in people in general. There is a significant correlation between the degree of trust exhibited in the game and the degree of trust declared in response to survey questions. However, survey responses do not capture all of the systematic variation in experimental behavior, and understate the importance of ROSCA membership in predicting someoneÕs propensity to trust others.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Otago, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 0713.
Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2007
Date of revision: Nov 2007
social capital; trust; reciprocity; economic experiments; ROSCAs;
Other versions of this item:
- Alvin Etang & David Fielding & Stephen Knowles, 2008. "Survey Trust, Experimental Trust and ROSCA Membership in Rural Cameroon," Brooks World Poverty Institute Working Paper Series 4408, BWPI, The University of Manchester.
- C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments
- O12 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
- Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification
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