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Does trust extend beyond the village? Experimental trust and social distance in Cameroon

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Author Info

  • Alvin Etang Ndip

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Yale University)

  • David Fielding

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Otago)

  • Stephen Knowles

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Otago)

Abstract

In this paper we use experimental data collected in rural Cameroon to quantify the effect of social distance on trust and altruism. Our measure of social distance is one that is relevant to everyday economic interactions: subjects in a Trust Game play with fellow villagers or with someone from a different village. We find that Senders in a Trust Game pass significantly more money to Recipients from their own village than to Recipients from a different village. To test for the possibility that Senders are motivated by unconditional kindness, they also play a Triple Dictator Game. We find that Senders pass significantly more money on average in the Trust Game than in the Triple Dictator Game, confirming that transfers in the Trust Game are partly motivated by Trust. However, there is also a social distance effect in the Triple Dictator Game, and around one third of the social distance effect in the Trust Game is due to greater unconditional kindness to fellow villagers. Results from a Risk Game suggest that Trust Game transfers are uncorrelated with attitudes to risk.

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File URL: http://www.business.otago.ac.nz/econ/research/discussionpapers/DP_0907.pdf
File Function: First version, 2009
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Otago, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 0907.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2009
Date of revision: Jul 2009
Handle: RePEc:otg:wpaper:0907

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Related research

Keywords: Experiment; Trust Game; Dictator Game; Risk Game; Social distance; Cameroon;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Omar Sene, 2012. "Trust as a Proxy for the Ability to Produce Local Public Goods: Testing Different Measures," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00717141, HAL.
  2. Alvin Etang & David Fielding & Stephen Knowles, 2011. "What Sort of People Vote Expressively?," Working Papers 1101, University of Otago, Department of Economics, revised Feb 2011.
  3. Tsusaka, Takuji W. & Kajisa, Kei & Pede, Valerien O. & Aoyagi, Keitaro, 2013. "Neighbourhood effects and social behaviour: the case of irrigated and rainfed farmeres in Bohol, the Philippines," MPRA Paper 50130, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Garapin, A. & Muller, L. & Rahali, B., 2013. "Does trust mean giving and not risking? Experimental evidence from the trust game," Working Papers 2013-12, Grenoble Applied Economics Laboratory (GAEL).
  5. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00717141 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. Fairley, Kim & Sanfey, Alan & Vyrastekova, Jana & Weitzel, Utz, 2012. "Social risk and ambiguity in the trust game," MPRA Paper 42302, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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