Temporary Labour Migration and Welfare at the New European Fringe : A Comparison of Five Eastern European Countries
AbstractThis paper investigates patterns and determinants of temporary labour migration in Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine after EU enlargement in 2004. Migration incidence, destination choices and migration determinants differ between poorer and better-off countries. Although broadly in line with general results from the migration literature, we observe some peculiarities like the high share of older migrants and a modest role of family obligations in the migration decision process. We find no indication of a brain drain related to temporary migration in sending regions as the educational background of migrants is rather low. Migration is used as household insurance against unemployment and is associated with lower incidence of poverty. This finding remains robust when attempting to reduce the potential omitted variable bias with an instrumental variable approach.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and South-East European Studies) in its series Working Papers with number 273.
Date of creation: May 2009
Date of revision:
Other versions of this item:
- Danzer, Alexander M. & Dietz, Barbara, 2009. "Temporary Labour Migration and Welfare at the New European Fringe: A Comparison of Five Eastern European Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 4142, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
- J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
- I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare and Poverty - - - General Welfare
- P23 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Factor and Product Markets; Industry Studies; Population
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-04-17 (All new papers)
- NEP-EUR-2010-04-17 (Microeconomic European Issues)
- NEP-LAB-2010-04-17 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-MIG-2010-04-17 (Economics of Human Migration)
- NEP-TRA-2010-04-17 (Transition Economics)
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