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Media Exposure and Internal Migration: Evidence from Indonesia

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  • Farré, Lídia

    ()
    (IAE Barcelona (CSIC))

  • Fasani, Francesco

    ()
    (Queen Mary, University of London)

Abstract

This paper investigates the impact of television on internal migration in Indonesia. We exploit the differential introduction of private television throughout the country and the variation in signal reception due to topography to estimate the causal effect of media exposure. Our estimates reveal important long and short run effects. An increase of one standard deviation in the number of private TV channels received in the area of residence reduces future inter-provincial migration by 1.7-2.7 percentage points, and all migration (inter and intra-provincial) by 4-7.4 percentage points. Short run effects are slightly smaller, but still sizeable and statistically significant. We also show that respondents less exposed to private TV are more likely to consider themselves among the poorest groups of the society. As we discuss in a stylized model of migration choice under imperfect information, these findings are consistent with Indonesia citizens over-estimating the net gains from internal migration.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6012.

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Length: 58 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Journal of Development Economics, 2013, 102, 48–61
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6012

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Keywords: television; migration decisions; information;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Catia Batista & Gaia Narciso, 2013. "Migrant Remittances and Information Flows: Evidence from a Field Experiment," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1331, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  2. Bertoli, Simone & Brücker, Herbert & Fernández-Huertas Moraga, Jesús, 2013. "The European Crisis and Migration to Germany: Expectations and the Diversion of Migration Flows," IZA Discussion Papers 7170, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Benjamin Elsner & Gaia Narciso & Jacco J. J. Thijssen, 2014. "Migrant Networks and the Spread of Misinformation," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1403, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  4. Rong, Zhao & Yang, Liu & Yuan, Yan, 2012. "Labor Migration Choice and Its Impacts on Households in Rural China," 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association 124842, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  5. de Coulon, Augustin & Radu, Dragos & Steinhardt, Max Friedrich, 2013. "Pane e Cioccolata: The impact of native attitudes on return migration," HWWI Research Papers, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI) 146, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).

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