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Finance, Technology and Inequality in Economic Development

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Author Info

  • Ryo Horii

    ()
    (Graduate School of Economics, Osaka University)

  • Ryoji Ohdoi

    ()
    (Graduate School of Economics, Osaka University)

  • Kazuhiro Yamamoto

    ()
    (Graduate School of Economics, Osaka University)

Abstract

This paper develops an overlapping generations model with technology choice and imperfect credit market, in order to investigate a possible source of underdevelopment. Consistent with empirical observations in the literature, the model shows that better financial institutions that provide stronger enforceability of contracts facilitate the development of financial markets, which in turn enables firms to switch to more capital intensive technologies, thereby promoting economic development. In the presence of credit rationing, however, this technological switch widens inequality. Therefore, risk-averse agents would not be willing to improve the financial institutions to the level at whic the technological switch occurs, resulting in a development trap. A remedy is to facilitate small firmsfadoption of existing technology, rather than the newone.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics and Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP) in its series Discussion Papers in Economics and Business with number 05-08.

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Length: 44 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:osk:wpaper:0508

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Web page: http://www.econ.osaka-u.ac.jp/
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Keywords: Enforceability of Contracts; Technological Switch; Income Distribution; Credit Rationing; Development Trap.;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Radhika Lahiri & Shyama Ratnasiri, 2007. "Concerning Inequality, Technology Adoption, and Structural Change," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer, vol. 13(4), pages 527-528, November.
  2. Kerstin Gerling, 2008. "The Real Consequences of Financial Market Integration when Countries Are Heterogeneous," Working Papers 141, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank).

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