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Acceso a la Energía en el Perú : Algunas Opciones de Política

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Author Info

  • Arturo Vásquez

    ()
    (Oficina de Estudios Económicos, OSINERGMIN)

  • Raúl García

    ()
    (Oficina de Estudios Económicos, OSINERGMIN)

  • Edwin Quintanilla
  • Julio Salvador

    ()
    (Gerencia General, OSINERGMIN)

  • David Orosco

Abstract

En el presente documento de trabajo se analiza la problemática del acceso a energía en el Perú. En la primera parte, además de los antecedentes que motivaron el documento, se realiza una discusión sobre la importancia del acceso igualitario a la energía y el desarrollo. Seguidamente se discuten brevemente las opciones tecnológicas de acceso a los energéticos, incluyendo algunos avances recientes. Luego se realiza un análisis conceptual de los diferentes instrumentos que podrían usarse para lograr metas de acceso a la energía tomando en cuenta sus posibles ventajas y desventajas, incluyéndose la discusión de un fondo de acceso integral a la energía. Por último, se hace una revisión de la eficiencia de algunos de los instrumentos discutidos en países latinoamericanos. En la segunda parte se presenta un diagnóstico del acceso a las diferentes fuentes energéticas en el Perú, se discuten los instrumentos utilizados y evalúan las políticas de acceso en el Perú, incluyéndose la iniciativa recientemente aprobada por el Estado peruano sobre la creación del Fondo de Inclusión Social Energético (FISE). En los comentarios finales se precisan también algunos elementos que consideramos deben tenerse en cuenta para mejorar las políticas de acceso a la energía como la necesidad de un enfoque integral, así como evaluar la magnitud de las metas establecidas y generar información en base a estudios de demanda, perfiles de consumo, mejorar estimaciones de costos de los combustibles alternativos e incluir aspectos medioambientales.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OSINERGMIN, Oficina de Estudios Economicos in its series Working Papers with number 29.

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Length: 83 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ose:wpaper:29

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Postal: Bernardo Monteagudo 222, Magdalena del Mar. Lima 17
Phone: (511) 219-3400 ext 1057.
Web page: http://www.osinergmin.gob.pe/newweb/pages/Estudios_Economicos/77.htm?9858
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