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Improving Human Capital Formation in India

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  • Sean Dougherty
  • Richard Herd

Abstract

The provision of high-quality education and health care to all of the population is considered a core element of public policy in most countries. In India, the government is active in both education and health but the private sector also plays an important role, notably for heath, and to a lesser extent in education. At present, the quality and quantity of the outputs from education, and also form public health care, are holding back the process of economic development. Steps are being taken to draw more children into primary education and the paper considers ways to keep children in school. It also considers institutional changes that may help to improve the performance of the educational system and so boost human capital formation. This working Paper relates to the 2007 Economic Survey of India (www.oecd.org/eco/surveys/india). Améliorer la formation du capital humain en Inde Permettre à l’ensemble de la population de bénéficier d’une éducation et de soins de santé de qualité est l’un des enjeux majeurs de la politique publique dans la plupart des pays. En Inde, les pouvoirs publics interviennent aussi bien dans l’éducation que dans les soins de santé, ce qui n’empêche pas le secteur privé de jouer un rôle important, en particulier dans le premier de ces domaines. À l’heure actuelle, les performances qualitatives et quantitatives de l’éducation et des services publics de santé constituent un frein au processus de développement économique. Des mesures ont été prises pour augmenter la fréquentation de l’enseignement primaire, et le présent document étudie les moyens de lutter contre les abandons scolaires. Il analyse également les changements institutionnels nécessaires pour contribuer à améliorer les performances du système éducatif et stimuler ainsi la formation du capital humain. Ce document de travail se rapporte à l’Étude économique de l’Inde 2007 (www.oecd.org/eco/etudes/inde).

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 625.

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Date of creation: 04 Aug 2008
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Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:625-en

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Keywords: tertiary education; education policy; primary; secondary; literacy rates; returns to education; age cohorts; secondaire; politique éducative; taux d’alphabétisation; cohorte d’âge; rendement de l’enseignement; primaire; supérieur;

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Cited by:
  1. A Aggarwal & R Freguglia & G Johnes & G Spricigo, 2011. "Education and labour market outcomes : evidence from India," Working Papers 615663, Lancaster University Management School, Economics Department.
  2. repec:lan:wpaper:4484 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. repec:lan:wpaper:4355 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Asadullah, Niaz & Yalonetzky, Gaston, 2010. "Inequality of Educational Opportunity in India: Changes over Time and across States," IZA Discussion Papers 5146, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. repec:lan:wpaper:4356 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. repec:lan:wpaper:4789 is not listed on IDEAS

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