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L'aide au développement et les autres flux nord-sud : Complémentarité ou substitution ?

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  • Denis Cogneau
  • Sylvie Lambert

Abstract

Cet article s’inscrit dans une réflexion générale sur la cohérence des politiques suivies par les pays du nord dans leurs relations avec les pays du sud. Il s’interroge sur les interactions entre les politiques d’aide, les politiques commerciales, les investissements directs étrangers et les flux de migrations sud-nord. Pour l’essentiel, il est consacré à la question de savoir si l’aide est allouée à des pays qui bénéficient ou pâtissent des autres politiques considérées. Il apparaît que, dans un contexte de forte polarisation des échanges commerciaux et des flux de capitaux et de politiques migratoires biaisées en faveur du travail qualifié, l’aide publique au développement revêt de plus en plus un rôle de compensation des autres flux qui relient les pays développés et les pays en développement, alors même que son poids relatif et donc son pouvoir de compensation a diminué. Par ailleurs, cet article s’intéresse également à un deuxième aspect de la question, celui de l’impact des politiques menées dans les autres domaines sur l’efficacité du dollar d’aide à réduire la pauvreté. Cependant l’identification empirique de l’existence d’une complémentarité positive entre l’aide et les autres politiques du Nord apparaît comme particulièrement difficile. This paper studies interactions between aid and three other major North-South flows : international trade, FDI and migrations. It mainly focuses on the question of whether aid is allocated to countries that are benefiting from the other flows considered here or the reverse. It appears that aid allocation is increasingly compensatory, while its relative weight among other flows, and hence its compensatory power, has decreased over the past three decades. This paper also addresses whether policies carried out in the other dimensions affect the efficiency of a dollar of aid in terms of the poverty reduction. Nevertheless, it appears that the empirical identification of positive complementarities between aid and other policies is particularly difficult to reach.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 251.

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Date of creation: 28 Jun 2006
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Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:251-fr

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  1. Cogneau, Denis & Guénard, Charlotte, 2003. "Colonization, Institutions and Inequality. A Note on Some Suggestive Evidence," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4540, Paris Dauphine University.
  2. De Sousa, José & Mayer, Thierry & Zignago, Soledad, 2012. "Market Access in Global and Regional Trade," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) 1201, CEPREMAP.
  3. David Dollar & Craig Burnside, 2000. "Aid, Policies, and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(4), pages 847-868, September.
  4. Naudet, Jean-David & Cogneau, Denis, 2007. "Who deserves aid? Equality of opportunity, international aid and poverty reduction," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4461, Paris Dauphine University.
  5. Hansen, Henrik & Tarp, Finn, 2001. "Aid and growth regressions," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 547-570, April.
  6. Antoine Bouët & Yvan Decreux & Lionel Fontagné & Sébastien Jean & David Laborde, 2004. "A Consistent, Ad-Valorem Equivalent Measure of Applied Protection Across the World: The MAcMap-HS6 Database," Working Papers 2004-22, CEPII research center.
  7. Collier, Paul & Dollar, David, 2002. "Aid allocation and poverty reduction," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 46(8), pages 1475-1500, September.
  8. P. Guillaumont & L. Chauvet, 2001. "Aid and Performance: A Reassessment," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(6), pages 66-92.
  9. John Roemer & Humberto G. Llavador, 2003. "An Equal-Opportunity Approach to the Allocation of International Air," Working Papers 9910, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
  10. Michael A. Clemens & Steven Radelet & Rikhil Bhavnani, 2004. "Counting chickens when they hatch: The short-term effect of aid on growth," International Finance 0407010, EconWPA.
  11. Henrik Hansen & Finn Tarp, 2000. "Aid effectiveness disputed," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(3), pages 375-398.
  12. Ryan Macdonald & John Hoddinott, 2004. "Determinants of Canadian bilateral aid allocations: humanitarian, commercial or political?," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 37(2), pages 294-312, May.
  13. Dollar, David & Levin, Victoria, 2004. "Increasing selectivity of foreign aid, 1984-2002," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3299, The World Bank.
  14. Collier, Paul & Dollar, David, 2000. "Can the world cut poverty in half ? how policy reform and effective aid can meet international development goals," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2403, The World Bank.
  15. Burnside, Craig & Dollar, David, 2004. "Aid, policies, and growth : revisiting the evidence," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3251, The World Bank.
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Cited by:
  1. Thierry Mayer, 2006. "Policy Coherence for Development: A Background Paper on Foreign Direct Investment," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 253, OECD Publishing.

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