Direct and Indirect Use of Fossil Fuels in Farming: Cost of Fuel-price Rise for Indian Agriculture
AbstractA hornet's nest could be an apt simile for fossil fuel prices in India. Over years a policy maze has evolved around it, with sharply diverging influence on disparate constituencies. We estimate the increase in total cost of farming as a multiple of direct input costs of fossil fuels in farming. Over the period between 1990-1 and 2010-1, direct use of fossil fuels on farms has risen and there is also increasing indirect use of fossil fuels for non-energy purposes. Consequently, for Indian agriculture both energy intensity and fossil fuel intensity are rising. But, these are declining for the aggregate Indian economy. Thus, revision of fossil fuel prices has acquired greater significance for Indian agriculture than for the remainder of the economy. We validate these findings by utilising an input-output table for the Indian economy to assess the impact of fossil fuel price increase. We assess that fossil fuels sector has strong forward linkages and increase in its price has a steep inflationary impact. Using a three-sector I-O model for Indian economy, we estimate that a 10 per cent increase in fossil fuel price could cause, ceteris paribus, the wholesale price index (WPI) to rise about 4.3 percentage points with 0.7 percentage points being contributed by the farm sector alone.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by National Institute of Public Finance and Policy in its series Working Papers with number 14/132.
Date of creation: Feb 2014
Date of revision:
Note: Working Paper 132, 2014
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Web page: http://www.nipfp.org.in
Agriculture ; Fossil-fuel intensity ; Inflation ; Input-output analysis;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models
- E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
- Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
- Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGR-2014-03-08 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2014-03-08 (All new papers)
- NEP-ENE-2014-03-08 (Energy Economics)
- NEP-ENV-2014-03-08 (Environmental Economics)
- NEP-MAC-2014-03-08 (Macroeconomics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Ganguly, Kavery & Gulati, Ashok, 2013. "The political economy of food price policy: The case study of India," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
- Anand, Mukesh Kumar, 2012. "Diesel Pricing in India: Entangled in Policy Maze," Working Papers 12/108, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.
- Bhanumurthy, N. R. & Das, Surajit & Bose, Sukanya, 2012. "Oil Price Shock, Pass-through Policy and its Impact on India," Working Papers 12/99, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.
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