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Alternative and Part-Time Employment Arrangements as a Response to Job Loss

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  • Henry S. Farber
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    Abstract

    I examine the extent to which workers who lose jobs find work in alternative employment arrangements including temporary work and independent contracting and find part-time work, both voluntary and involuntary. The analysis is based on data from the Displaced Worker Supplements (DWS) and the February 1994 and 1996 Current Population Surveys (CPS) which I match to the Contingent and Alternative Employment Arrangements Supplements (CAEAS) to the February CPSs in the subsequent years (1995 and 1997 respectively). I find that job losers are significantly more likely than non-losers to be in temporary jobs (including on-call work and contract work). I also find evidence that the likelihood of temporary employment falls with time since job loss. With regard to part-time employment, I find that involuntary part-time employment is an important part of the employment experience subsequent to job loss and that the likelihood of involuntary part-time employment falls with time since job loss, particularly for full-time job losers. Thus that temporary and involuntary part-time jobs are part of a transitional process subsequent to job loss leading to regular full-time employment.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 7002.

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    Date of creation: Mar 1999
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    Publication status: published as JLE, Vol. 17, no. 4, part 2 (October 1999): S142-S169.
    Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:7002

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    1. Topel, Robert, 1990. "Specific capital and unemployment: Measuring the costs and consequences of job loss," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 181-214, January.
    2. Lewis Segal & Daniel Sullivan, 1996. "The growth of temporary services work," Working Paper Series, Macroeconomic Issues, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago WP-96-26, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
    3. Abraham, Katharine G & Taylor, Susan K, 1996. "Firms' Use of Outside Contractors: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 14(3), pages 394-424, July.
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