Health and Work at Older Ages: Using Mortality to Assess the Capacity to Work across Countries
AbstractHealth and longevity have increased substantially over the last 50 years, yet the labor force participation of older men has declined in most developed countries. We use mortality as a measure of health to assess the capacity to work at older ages in 12 OECD countries. For a given level of mortality, the employment rates of older workers vary substantially across countries and over time within countries. At each mortality rate in 2007, if American men between the ages of 55 and 69 had worked as much as American men in 1977 they would have worked an additional 3.7 years between ages 55 and 69. That is, men in this age range in 2007 would have had to work 46.8 percent more to work as much as men with the same mortality worked thirty years earlier in 1977. Comparing across countries, at each mortality rate in 2007, to match the work of American men, French men for example would have to work 4.6 years more between the ages 55 to 69 than they actually did work. We also find that there is little relationship across countries between mortality improvements and the change in employment at older ages.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 18229.
Date of creation: Jul 2012
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Other versions of this item:
- Kevin Milligan & David Wise, 2013. "Health and Work at Older Ages: Using Mortality to Assess the Capacity to Work across Countries," Discussion Papers 13-012, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.
- J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
- J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGE-2012-07-23 (Economics of Ageing)
- NEP-ALL-2012-07-23 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEM-2012-07-23 (Demographic Economics)
- NEP-HEA-2012-07-23 (Health Economics)
- NEP-LAB-2012-07-23 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-LMA-2012-07-23 (Labor Markets - Supply, Demand, & Wages)
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- T. Schirle, 2007.
"Why Have the Labour Force Participation Rates of Older Men Increased Since the Mid 1990s,"
eg0045, Wilfrid Laurier University, Department of Economics, revised 2007.
- Tammy Schirle, 2008. "Why Have the Labor Force Participation Rates of Older Men Increased since the Mid-1990s?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 26(4), pages 549-594, October.
- Johansson, Per & Laun, Lisa & Laun, Tobias, 2013. "Screening stringency in the disability insurance program," Working Paper Series 2013:10, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
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