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Estimating the Relationship between Alcohol Policies and Criminal Violence and Victimization

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  • Sara Markowitz
  • Erik Nesson
  • Eileen Poe-Yamagata
  • Curtis Florence
  • Partha Deb
  • Tracy Andrews
  • Sarah Beth L. Barnett

Abstract

Violence is one of the leading social problems in the United States. The development of appropriate public policies to curtail violence is confounded by the relationship between alcohol and violence. In this paper, we estimate the propensity of alcohol control policies to reduce the perpetration and victimization of criminal violence. We measure violence with data on individual level victimizations from the U.S. National Crime Victimization Survey. We examine the effects of a number of different alcohol control policies in reducing violent crime. These policies include the retail price of beer, drunk driving laws and penalties, keg laws, and serving and selling laws. We find some evidence of a negative relationship between alcohol prices and the probability of alcohol or drug related assault victimizations. However, we find no strong evidence that other alcohol policies are effective in reducing violent crimes. These results provide policy makers with guidance on potential approaches for reducing violence through alcohol beverage control.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 17918.

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Date of creation: Mar 2012
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Publication status: published as Sara Markowitz & Erik Nesson & Eileen Poe-Yamagata & Curtis Florence & Partha Deb & Tracy Andrews & Sarah Beth L. Barnett, 2012. "Estimating the Relationship between Alcohol Policies and Criminal Violence and Victimization," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 13(4), pages 416-435, November.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:17918

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  1. Markowitz, Sara, 2005. "Alcohol, Drugs and Violent Crime," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 20-44, March.
  2. Christopher Carpenter, 2007. "Heavy Alcohol Use and Crime: Evidence from Underage Drunk-Driving Laws," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 50, pages 539-557.
  3. Kent Matthews & Jonathan Shepherd & Vaseekaran Sivarajasingham, 2006. "Violence-related injury and the price of beer in England and Wales," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(6), pages 661-670.
  4. Sara Markowitz & Michael Grossman, 1998. "Alcohol Regulation And Domestic Violence Towards Children," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, Western Economic Association International, vol. 16(3), pages 309-320, 07.
  5. Sara Markowitz, 2000. "The Price of Alcohol, Wife Abuse, and Husband Abuse," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, Southern Economic Association, vol. 67(2), pages 279-303, July.
  6. Marianne Bertrand & Esther Duflo & Sendhil Mullainathan, 2002. "How Much Should We Trust Differences-in-Differences Estimates?," NBER Working Papers 8841, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Christopher Carpenter & Carlos Dobkin, 2010. "Alcohol Regulation and Crime," NBER Chapters, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, in: Controlling Crime: Strategies and Tradeoffs, pages 291-329 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Kwabena Gyimah-Brempong, 2001. "Alcohol Availability and Crime: Evidence from Census Tract Data," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, Southern Economic Association, vol. 68(1), pages 2-21, July.
  9. Desimone, Jeff, 2001. "The Effect of Cocaine Prices on Crime," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, Western Economic Association International, vol. 39(4), pages 627-43, October.
  10. Ciro Biderman & Jo�oMP DeMello & Alexandre Schneider, 2010. "Dry Laws and Homicides: Evidence from the S�o Paulo Metropolitan Area," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 120(543), pages 157-182, 03.
  11. Sijbren Cnossen, 2007. "Alcohol taxation and regulation in the European Union," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, Springer, vol. 14(6), pages 699-732, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Arlen Guarín & Carlos Medina & Jorge Andrés Tamayo, 2013. "The Effects of Punishment of Crime in Colombia on Deterrence, Incapacitation, and Human Capital Formation," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA 010972, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.

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