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Have Black Labor Market Gains Post-1964 Been Permanent or Transitory?


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  • Richard B. Freeman


One of the most important questions regarding black economic gains post-1964 is whether they are permanent or transitory. This study examines the relative economic progress of black cohorts and of individual black workers in longitudinal samples to evaluate the permanence of changes. It finds that the preponderance of evidence runs against the proposition that the post-1964 advances have bS2- transitory or illusory. Measured by earnings of workers and occupational attainment, blacks have continued to make significant progress in the 1970s. Measured by the increase in earnings of specific cohorts, black gains did not dissipate due to slow growth of earnings.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 0751.

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Date of creation: Sep 1981
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:0751

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  1. Robert H. Meyer & David A. Wise, 1981. "Discontinuous Distributions and Missing Persons: The Minimum Wage and Unemployed Youth," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 0711, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Lazear, Edward, 1979. "The Narrowing of Black-White Wage Differentials Is Illusory," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 69(4), pages 553-64, September.
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