Estimation of a Health Production Function: Evidence from East-European Countries
AbstractThe purpose of this study is to estimate a health production function for the 13 East European countries including Belarus, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Ukraine. Using panel data from 1997 to 2005 on a diverse array of economic, demographic, environmental, and lifestyles factors as inputs, we analyze a health production function at the macro level in order to determine the most efficient way of allocating limited resources for improving the overall health status of countries in the sample. To control for individual country heterogeneity, we employ panel analytic methods of fixed effects, random effects, and Arellano – Bond estimator. The results indicate that economic growth as measured by GDP per capita growth, investment in human capital formation, and residence in urban areas significantly reduce infant mortality and thus improve the health status of countries in the sample. These findings are useful, not only for serving as background for health care policy decisions, but also for a better understanding of the factors that affect the health condition of the region.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Middle Tennessee State University, Department of Economics and Finance in its series Working Papers with number 201104.
Date of creation: Jul 2011
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Web page: http://www.mtsu.edu/~berc/working/Economics_Working_Papers.html
More information through EDIRC
Health Status; Eastern European Countries; Fixed-Effects; Random-Effects; Arellano-Bond estimator;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Production
- I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-08-09 (All new papers)
- NEP-EFF-2011-08-09 (Efficiency & Productivity)
- NEP-EUR-2011-08-09 (Microeconomic European Issues)
- NEP-HEA-2011-08-09 (Health Economics)
- NEP-TRA-2011-08-09 (Transition Economics)
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