Tax Evasion, the Underground Economy and Financial Development
AbstractWe study the relationship between the underground economy and financial development in a model of tax evasion and bank intermediation. Agents with heterogenous skills seek loans in order to undertake risky investment projects. Asymmetric information between borrowers and lenders implies a menu of loan contracts that induce self-selection in a separating equilibrium. Faced with these contracts, agents choose how much of their income to declare by trading off their incentives to offer collateral against their disincentives to comply with tax obligations. The key implication of the analysis is that the marginal net bene?t of income disclosure increases with the level of ?financial development. Thus, in accordance with empirical observation, we establish the result that the lower is the stage of such development, the higher is the incidence of tax evasion and the greater is the size of the underground economy.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Economics, The Univeristy of Manchester in its series Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research Discussion Paper Series with number 138.
Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Other versions of this item:
- Blackburn, Keith & Bose, Niloy & Capasso, Salvatore, 2012. "Tax evasion, the underground economy and financial development," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 83(2), pages 243-253.
- E26 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Informal Economy; Underground Economy
- G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies
- H26 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Tax Evasion
- O16 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
- O17 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ACC-2010-05-22 (Accounting & Auditing)
- NEP-ALL-2010-05-22 (All new papers)
- NEP-CTA-2010-05-22 (Contract Theory & Applications)
- NEP-PBE-2010-05-22 (Public Economics)
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- Germana Giombini & Désirée Teobaldelli, 2012. "The effects of tax evasion and the inefficiency of the legal system on firms’ financial constraints: are they complements or substitutes?," Working Papers 1207, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Department of Economics, Society & Politics - Scientific Committee - L. Stefanini & G. Travaglini, revised 2012.
- Keith Blackburn & Niloy Bosey & Salvatore Capasso, 2008.
"Financial Development and the Underground Economy,"
5_2008, D.E.S. (Department of Economic Studies), University of Naples "Parthenope", Italy.
- Beck, T.H.L. & Lin, C. & Ma, Y., 2010. "Why Do Firms Evade Taxes? The Role of Information Sharing and Financial Sector Outreach," Discussion Paper 2010-93, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
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