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Unilateral Climate Policy: Harmful or even Disastrous?

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  • Hendrik Ritter

    ()
    (Faculty of Economics and Management, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg)

  • Mark Schopf

    ()
    (Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, University of Paderborn)

Abstract

This paper deals with possible foreign reactions to unilateral carbon demand reducing policies. It differentiates between demand side and supply side reactions as well as between intra- and intertemporal shifts in greenhouse gas emissions. In our model, we integrate a stock-dependent marginal physical cost of extracting fossil fuels into Eichner & Pethig's (2011) general equilibrium carbon leakage model. The results are as follows: Under similar but somewhat tighter conditions than those derived by Eichner & Pethig (2011), a weak green paradox arises. Furthermore, a strong green paradox can arise in our model under supplementary constraints. That means a "green" policy measure might not only lead to a harmful acceleration of fossil fuel extraction but to an increase in the cumulative climate damages at the same time. In some of these cases there is even a cumulative extraction expansion, which we consider disastrous.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Faculty of Economics and Management in its series FEMM Working Papers with number 130010.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:mag:wpaper:130010

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Keywords: Natural Resources; Carbon Leakage; Green Paradox;

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References

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  1. GRAFTON, R. Quentin & KOMPAS, Tom & LONG, Ngo Van, 2011. "Substitution between Biofuels and Fossil Fuels: Is There a Green Paradox?," Cahiers de recherche, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ 10-2011, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
  2. van der Werf, Edwin & Di Maria, Corrado, 2012. "Imperfect Environmental Policy and Polluting Emissions: The Green Paradox and Beyond," International Review of Environmental and Resource Economics, now publishers, now publishers, vol. 6(2), pages 153-194, March.
  3. Hoel, Michael & Jensen, Svenn, 2012. "Cutting costs of catching carbon—Intertemporal effects under imperfect climate policy," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 680-695.
  4. Hans-Werner Sinn, 2008. "Public policies against global warming: a supply side approach," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, Springer, vol. 15(4), pages 360-394, August.
  5. Frederick van der Ploeg & Cees Withagen, 2010. "Is there really a Green Paradox?," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, Tinbergen Institute 10-020/3, Tinbergen Institute, revised 27 Aug 2012.
  6. Corrado Di Maria & Edwin van der Werf, 2006. "Carbon Leakage Revisited: Unilateral Climate Policy with Directed Technical Change," Working Papers, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei 2006.94, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  7. Michael Hoel, 2013. "Supply Side Climate Policy and the Green Paradox," CESifo Working Paper Series, CESifo Group Munich 4094, CESifo Group Munich.
  8. Frederick Van der Ploeg & Cees A. Withagen, 2010. "Is There Really a Green Paradox?," CESifo Working Paper Series, CESifo Group Munich 2963, CESifo Group Munich.
  9. Thomas Eichner & Rüdiger Pethig, 2011. "Flattening the Carbon Extraction Path in Unilateral Cost-Effective Action," CESifo Working Paper Series, CESifo Group Munich 3546, CESifo Group Munich.
  10. Thomas Eichner & Rüdiger Pethig, 2009. "Carbon leakage, the green paradox and perfect future markets," Volkswirtschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge, Universität Siegen, Fakultät Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Wirtschaftsinformatik und Wirtschaftsrecht 136-09, Universität Siegen, Fakultät Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Wirtschaftsinformatik und Wirtschaftsrecht.
  11. Fischer, Carolyn & Salant, Stephen, 2012. "Alternative Climate Policies and Intertemporal Emissions Leakage: Quantifying the Green Paradox," Discussion Papers, Resources For the Future dp-12-16, Resources For the Future.
  12. Ulph, Alistair & Ulph, David, 1994. "The Optimal Time Path of a Carbon Tax," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 46(0), pages 857-68, Supplemen.
  13. Hoel, Michael, 2013. "Supply Side Climate Policy and the Green Paradox," Memorandum, Oslo University, Department of Economics 03/2013, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
  14. Reyer Gerlagh, 2010. "Too Much Oil," Working Papers, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei 2010.14, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  15. Hoel, Michael, 2011. "The supply side of CO2 with country heterogeneity," Memorandum, Oslo University, Department of Economics 08/2011, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
  16. Michael Hoel, 2011. "The Supply Side of CO2 with Country Heterogeneity," CESifo Working Paper Series, CESifo Group Munich 3393, CESifo Group Munich.
  17. B�rd Harstad, 2012. "Buy Coal! A Case for Supply-Side Environmental Policy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 120(1), pages 77 - 115.
  18. R. Quentin Grafton & Tom Kompas & Ngo Van Long, 2010. "Biofuels Subsidies and the Green Paradox," CESifo Working Paper Series, CESifo Group Munich 2960, CESifo Group Munich.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Daniel Nachtigall & Dirk Rübbelke, 2014. "The Green Paradox and Learning-by-Doing in the Renewable Energy Sector," CESifo Working Paper Series, CESifo Group Munich 4880, CESifo Group Munich.
  2. repec:pdn:wpaper:63 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Mark Schopf, 2013. "Preserving Eastern or Offshore Oil for Preventing Green Paradoxes?," Working Papers CIE, University of Paderborn, CIE Center for International Economics 63, University of Paderborn, CIE Center for International Economics.

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