Market Labor, Household Work and Schooling in South Africa: Modeling the Effects of Trade on Adults' and Children's Time Allocation
AbstractThis paper analyzes how economic policies can influence parents’ decisions about their children’s schooling, household work and leisure in South Africa. Using a dynamic computable general equilibrium model that integrates both market and non-market activities, distinguishing male and female workers on the one hand, and adult and child non-market work and leisure on the other, we find that, in the context of trade liberalization, gender inequality is likely to rise between adults and between boys and girls. Furthermore, the paper notes that the increase in adult male and female market labor supply is made possible through the substitution of children for parents in household work, although more so in some groups than others. These effects sustain in the long run.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by CIRPEE in its series Cahiers de recherche with number 0933.
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Household work; market work; child schooling; gender; time-use; trade; CGE model; South Africa;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
- D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
- F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
- J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2009-09-26 (Africa)
- NEP-ALL-2009-09-26 (All new papers)
- NEP-HAP-2009-09-26 (Economics of Happiness)
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