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Subsidizing energy saving capital accumulation: a real option approach

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  • Bruno CRUZ
  • Aude POMMERET

Abstract

Some environmental policies, like tax credit, have tried to induce the acquisition of energy efficient units and the replacement of old energy inefficient vintages. However, they have faced the energy paradox that is a slow diffusion of new vintages. We develop a stochastic model of irreversible investment, in which firms also face embodied technological progress. We compare in a dynamic example a deterministic and a stochastic model with embodied technological progress. In the embodied case under uncertainty, the option to postpone replacement becomes very large, reducing drastically the effectiveness of a tax credit.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP in its series Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'Econométrie et d'Economie politique (DEEP) with number 03.14.

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Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2003
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Option Valuation for Energy Issues, K. Ostertag, P. Llerena and A. Richard (eds), Stuttgart, IRB Verlag, December 2004, pp. 64-81
Handle: RePEc:lau:crdeep:03.14

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Postal: Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP, Internef, CH-1015 Lausanne
Phone: ++41 21 692.33.64
Fax: ++41 21 692.33.05
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Web page: http://www.hec.unil.ch/deep/publications/cahiers/series
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Related research

Keywords: embodied technological progress; tax credit; option value;

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References

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  1. Robert S. Pindyck, 1986. "Irreversible Investment, Capacity Choice, and the Value of the Firm," NBER Working Papers 1980, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Kevin A. Hassett & Gilbert E. Metcalf, 1992. "Energy Tax Credits and Residential Conservation Investment," NBER Working Papers 4020, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Greenwood, J. & Hercowitz, Z. & Krusell, P., 1996. "Long-Run Implications of Investment-Specific Technological Change," RCER Working Papers 420, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
  4. Dubin, Jeffrey A. & Henson, Steven E., 1988. "The distributional effects of the Federal Energy Tax Act," Resources and Energy, Elsevier, vol. 10(3), pages 191-212, September.
  5. Malcomson, James M., 1975. "Replacement and the rental value of capital equipment subject to obsolescence," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 24-41, February.
  6. Raouf BOUCEKKINE & Aude POMMERET, 2000. "Optimal Capital Accumulation, Energy Cost and the Nature of Technological Progress," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2001023, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  7. Aude Pommeret & Bruno Cruz, 2004. "Optimal Capital Accumulation and Embodied Technological Progress under Uncertainty," Econometric Society 2004 Latin American Meetings 33, Econometric Society.
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