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Promoting clean technologies under imperfect competition

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  • AZOMAHOU, Théophile
  • BOUCEKKINE, Raouf

    ()
    (Université catholique de Louvain (UCL). Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE))

  • NGUYEN-VAN, Phu

Abstract

We develop a general equilibrium multi-sector vintage capital model with energy-saving technological progress and an explicit energy market to study the impact of investment subsidies on investment and output. Energy and capital are assumed to be complementary in the production process. New machines are less energy consuming and scrapping is endogenous. The intermediate inputs sector is modelled à la Dixit-Stiglitz (1977). Two polar market structures are considered for the energy market, free entry and natural monopoly. The impact of imperfect competition on the outcomes of the decentralized equilibria are deeply characterized. We identify an original paradox: adoption subsidies may induce a larger investment into cleaner technologies either under free entry or natural monopoly. However, larger diffusion rates do not necessarily mean lower energy consumption at equilibrium, which may explain certain empirical puzzles.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) in its series CORE Discussion Papers with number 2009011.

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Date of creation: 01 Mar 2009
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Handle: RePEc:cor:louvco:2009011

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Keywords: energy-saving technological progress; vintage capital; market imperfections; natural monopoly; investment subsidies;

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Cited by:
  1. Hritonenko, Natali & Yatsenko, Yuri, 2010. "Technological innovations, economic renovation, and anticipation effects," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(6), pages 1064-1078, November.

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