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Social Responsibility of the countries and their international trade : A gravitational approach

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  • Jean-Marie Cardebat

    ()

  • Alexandru Dimitrescu

    ()
    (Larefi, Université Bordeaux IV)

Abstract

Cet article propose une étude économétrique dans le cadre d’un modèle gravitationnel du lien entre les conditions sociales prévalant dans un pays et ses exportations. Il s’appuie sur un indicateur original de conditions sociales : le Responsible Competitiveness Index (RCI) calculé en 2007 par l’organisation AccountAbility qui délivre la norme internationale AA1000. Les régressions montrent sans ambigüités une relation positive entre la responsabilité sociale des pays et leurs exportations. La relation n’est pas linéaire mais décrit une courbe en cloche : la relation est d’autant plus forte que le pays a un faible niveau de responsabilité sociale (pays du Sud), tandis qu’elle peut devenir négative pour les pays ayant un niveau élevé de responsabilité sociale (pays du Nord).

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File URL: http://lare-efi.u-bordeaux4.fr/IMG/pdf/CR11-EFI_02.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Larefi, Université Bordeaux 4 in its series Larefi Working Papers with number 1102.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:laf:wpaper:cr1102

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Related research

Keywords: commerce international ; normes fondamentales du travail ; responsabilité sociale.;

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References

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  1. Vivek Dehejia & Yiagadeesen Samy, 2004. "Trade and labour standards: theory and new empirical evidence," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(2), pages 179-198.
  2. Brown, Andrew G. & Stern, Robert M., 2008. "What are the issues in using trade agreements to improve international labor standards?," World Trade Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 7(02), pages 331-357, April.
  3. Rémi Bazillier & Nicolas Sirven, 2006. "Les normes fondamentales du travail contribuent-elles à réduire les inégalités ?," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00112316, HAL.
  4. Bazillier, Remi, 2008. "Core Labor Standards and Development: Impact on Long-Term Income," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 17-38, January.
  5. Brown, K.D. & Deardorff, A.V. & Stern, R.M., 1997. "Trade and Labor Standards," Working Papers 394, Research Seminar in International Economics, University of Michigan.
  6. Elias Dinopoulos & Laixun Zhao, 2006. "Child Labor and Globalization," Discussion Paper Series 198, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University.
  7. Vivek H. Dehejia & Yiagadeesen Samy, 2007. "Trade and Labor Standards: A Review of the Theory and New Empirical Evidence," Carleton Economic Papers 07-12, Carleton University, Department of Economics.
  8. Busse, Matthias, 2002. "Do Labor Standards Affect Comparative Advantage in Developing Countries?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 30(11), pages 1921-1932, November.
  9. Harald Grossmann & Jochen Michaelis, 2007. "Trade Sanctions and the Incidence of Child Labor," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(1), pages 49-62, 02.
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