Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login

Participation, equality of opportunity and returns to tertiary education in contemporary Europe

Contents:

Author Info

  • Fabrizio Bernardi

    ()
    (Dept. of Social and Political Studies, European University Institute, Florence)

  • Gabriele Ballarino

    ()
    (Dept. of Labour and Welfare Studies, University of Milan)

Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    The aim of the paper is to investigate the consequences of higher educational expansion on two goals of the educational system, that of promoting equity of educational opportunities and that of providing credentials that facilitate the matching between labour supply and demand. The first goal is typically studied by research on inequality of educational opportunities, the second by research on returns to education and credential inflation. The key idea of the paper is that educational expansion can have different and possible opposite effects on the two goals. a. If with educational expansion equality of educational opportunities increases, while the occupational values of the titles decreases, one has a trade-off scenario, ie an increase in equality of educational opportunities is matched by a decline in the value of higher education in the labour market. b. If equality of opportunities does not increase, despite expansion of higher education, and the returns of higher education degrees decline, one has then a worst-off scenario. a. Finally, if with educational expansion equality of opportunities increases and there is no credential inflation, one has a best-off scenario In this paper we systematically investigate these alternative scenarios. We perform the same empirical analysis on two distinct data sets in order to test the robustness of our findings. We use micro data from EU-SILC 2005 and from the four merged waves of the European Social Survey (2002- 2008) for 23 countries. *

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://www2.almalaurea.it/universita/pubblicazioni/wp/pdf/wp10.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2011
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by AlmaLaurea Inter-University Consortium in its series Working Papers with number 10.

    as in new window
    Length: 25
    Date of creation: Sep 2011
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:laa:wpaper:10

    Contact details of provider:
    Web page: http://www.almalaurea.it

    Related research

    Keywords:

    References

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
    as in new window
    1. Brunello, Giorgio & Cappellari, Lorenzo, 2008. "The labour market effects of Alma Mater: Evidence from Italy," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(5), pages 564-574, October.
    2. Glenn Firebaugh, 2008. "The First Rule, from Seven Rules for Social Research
      [Seven Rules for Social Research]
      ," Introductory Chapters, Princeton University Press.
    3. Claudia Goldin, 1999. "Egalitarianism and the Returns to Education during the Great Transformation of American Education," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(S6), pages S65-S94, December.
    4. Daron Acemoglu, 2002. "Technical Change, Inequality, and the Labor Market," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 40(1), pages 7-72, March.
    5. Muller, Walter & Gangl, Markus (ed.), 2003. "Transitions from Education to Work in Europe: The Integration of Youth into EU Labour Markets," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199252473, Octomber.
    6. Gabriele Ballarino & Massimiliano Bratti, 2009. "Field of Study and University Graduates' Early Employment Outcomes in Italy during 1995-2004," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 23(3), pages 421-457, 09.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:laa:wpaper:10. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ().

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.