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A Probabilistic Modeling Approach to the Detection of Industrial Agglomerations

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  • Tomoya Mori

    ()
    (Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University)

  • Tony E. Smith

    ()
    (Department of Electrical and Systems Engineering, University of Pennsylvania)

Abstract

Dating from the seminal work of Ellison and Glaeser [17] in 1997, a wealth of evidence for the ubiquity of industrial agglomerations has been published. However, most of these results are based on analyses of single (scalar) indices of agglomeration. Hence it is not surprising that industries deemed to be similar by such indices can often exhibit very different patterns of agglomeration - with respect to the number, size, and spatial extent of individual agglomerations. The purpose of this paper is thus to propose a more detailed spatial analysis of agglomeration in terms of multiple-cluster patterns, where each cluster represents a (roughly) convex set of contiguous regions within which the density of establishments is relatively uniform. The key idea is to develop a simple probability model of multiple clusters, called cluster schemes, and then to seek a "best" cluster scheme for each industry by employing a standard model-selection criterion. Our ultimate objective is to provide a richer characterization of spatial agglomeration patterns that will allow more meaningful comparisons of these patterns across industries.

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File URL: http://www.kier.kyoto-u.ac.jp/DP/DP682.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research in its series KIER Working Papers with number 682.

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Length: 75pages
Date of creation: Sep 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:kyo:wpaper:682

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Keywords: Industrial Agglomeration; Cluster Analysis; Geodesic Convexity; Bayesian Information Criterion;

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References

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  1. Tabuchi, Takatoshi & Thisse, Jacques-François, 2011. "A new economic geography model of central places," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(2), pages 240-252, March.
  2. Marius Brülhart & Rolf Traeger, 2003. "An Account of Geographic Concentration Patterns in Europe," ERSA conference papers ersa03p473, European Regional Science Association.
  3. Ellison, G. & Glaeser, E.L., 1994. "Geographic Concentration in U.S. Manufacturing Industries: A Dartboard Approach," Working papers 94-27, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  4. Tomoya Mori & Koji Nishikimi & Tony E. Smith, 2005. "A Divergence Statistic for Industrial Localization," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 87(4), pages 635-651, November.
  5. Ikeda, Kiyohiro & Akamatsu, Takashi & Kono, Tatsuhito, 2012. "Spatial period-doubling agglomeration of a core–periphery model with a system of cities," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 754-778.
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Cited by:
  1. Tomoya Mori & Tony E. Smith, 2011. "An Industrial Agglomeration Approach To Central Place And City Size Regularities," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(4), pages 694-731, October.
  2. Gerald A. Carlino & Jake K. Carr & Robert M. Hunt & Tony E. Smith, 2011. "The agglomeration of R&D labs," Working Papers 11-42, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.

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