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Cultural determinants of countries management efficiency:A random coefficients stochastic frontier approach

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  • Maria del Pilar Baquero Forero
  • Toshifumi Kuroda
  • Takanori Ida
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    Abstract

    From a country’s perspective, management refers to the organization of inputs, such as national capital or labor. In this paper, we investigate i) the mechanism in which countries management impacts national income, and ii) the cultural sources of di erent management levels among countries. We found that countries management mainly a ects income due to its interaction with physical capital, rather than through its relation with labor or education. Furthermore, management levels are shown to be positively correlated to language and religious homogeneity, the existence of Britishstyle institutions and the degree of individualism. Our methodology is twofold. First, using data of 62 countries from 1980 to 2004, we estimated a management input without the use of proxies. For this purpose, we employed a stochastic production frontier with random coecients. Second, we regressed by OLS the estimated management input on cultural variables, for a sub-sample of 33 countries with available cultural data.

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    File URL: http://www.econ.kyoto-u.ac.jp/projectcenter/Paper/e-10-012/e-10-012.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Graduate School of Economics Project Center, Kyoto University in its series Discussion papers with number e-10-012.

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    Length: 27 pages
    Date of creation: Dec 2010
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:kue:dpaper:e-10-012

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    Related research

    Keywords: Random coefficients stochastic production frontier; countries management; language and religious diversity; British-style institutions; individualism;

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    References

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    1. Amir N. Licht & Chanan Goldschmidt & Shalom H. Schwartz, 2003. "Culture Rules: The Foundations of the Rule of Law and Other Norms of Governance," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 2003-605, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    2. Dani Rodrik & Arvind Subramanian & Francesco Trebbi, 2004. "Institutions Rule: The Primacy of Institutions Over Geography and Integration in Economic Development," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 9(2), pages 131-165, 06.
    3. Antonio Alvarez & Carlos Arias, 2003. "Diseconomies of Size with Fixed Managerial Ability," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 85(1), pages 134-142.
    4. Huynh, Kim P. & Jacho-Chávez, David T., 2009. "Growth and governance: A nonparametric analysis," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 121-143, March.
    5. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2001. "Reversal of Fortune: Geography and Institutions in the Making of the Modern World Income Distribution," NBER Working Papers 8460, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Antonio Álvarez & Carlos Arias & William Greene, 2004. "Accounting for unobservables in production models:management and inefficiency," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces E2004/72, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
    7. repec:ise:isegwp:wp252008 is not listed on IDEAS
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