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Steuerreformvorschläge in der Diskussion - Eine Mikrosimulationsanalyse der Aufkommens-, Beschäftigungs- und Verteilungswirkungen für Österreich

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  • Paul Eckerstorfer
  • Viktor Stein

    ()
    (Freie Universität Berlin)

  • Florian Wakolbinger

Abstract

Der Beitrag analysiert die Aufkommens-, Beschäftigungs- und Verteilungswirkungen einer Reformalternative zur Entlastung von Arbeitseinkommen und zur Verbesserung der Effizienz des Steuersystems auf der Basis eines Mikrosimulationsmodells. Die Reformalternative beinhaltet einen Ausgleich der „kalten Progression“, eine Reduktion der Grenzsteuersätze und eine Steuervereinfachung bei gleichzeitiger Verbreiterung der Steuerbasis, eine Reform der Grundsicherung sowie verbesserte Arbeitsanreize im unteren Einkommensbereich. Die analysierte Reformalternative wäre trotz zu erwartender positiver Beschäftigungseffekte und nur geringer Umverteilungseffekte mit erheblichen fiskalischen Kosten verbunden. Auf der Basis der ersten Erhebung zur Vermögenslage österreichischer Haushalte, dem Household Finance and Consumption Survey (HFCS) wird unter Vernachlässigung möglicher Ausweichreaktionen und zu erwartender Verteilungseffekte gezeigt, in welchem Umfang die fiskalischen Kosten der Reform durch alternative Vermögenssteuermodelle ausgeglichen werden könnten. Als Alternative zu einer Vermögenssteuer werden auch Möglichkeiten der Gegenfinanzierung durch Einsparungen bei den Staatsausgaben dargestellt.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria in its series Economics working papers with number 2013-14.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:jku:econwp:2013_14

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  1. Andrew Atkeson & V.V. Chari & Patrick J. Kehoe, 1999. "Taxing capital income: a bad idea," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Sum, pages 3-17.
  2. Wojciech Kopczuk, 2012. "Taxation of Intergenerational Transfers and Wealth," NBER Working Papers 18584, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Bach, Stefan & Corneo, Giacomo & Steiner, Viktor, 2011. "Effective taxation of top incomes in Germany," Discussion Papers 2011/18, Free University Berlin, School of Business & Economics.
  4. Bernheim, B. Douglas, 2002. "Taxation and saving," Handbook of Public Economics, in: A. J. Auerbach & M. Feldstein (ed.), Handbook of Public Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 18, pages 1173-1249 Elsevier.
  5. (IFS), Institute for Fiscal Studies & Mirrlees, James (ed.), 2011. "Tax By Design: The Mirrlees Review," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199553747, September.
  6. Chamley, Christophe, 1986. "Optimal Taxation of Capital Income in General Equilibrium with Infinite Lives," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(3), pages 607-22, May.
  7. Kenneth L. Judd, 1982. "Redistributive Taxation in a Simple Perfect Foresight Model," Discussion Papers 572, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  8. Stefan Bach & Martin Beznoska, 2012. "Aufkommens- und Verteilungswirkungen einer Wiederbelebung der Vermögensteuer: Endbericht; Forschungsprojekt im Auftrag des Ministeriums der Finanzen Rheinland-Pfalz, des Ministeriums für Finanzen un," DIW Berlin: Politikberatung kompakt, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, volume 68, number pbk68, July.
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