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Economic Growth and Child Poverty Reduction in Bangladesh and China

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  • Begum, Syeda Shahanara

    ()
    (University of Gothenburg)

  • Deng, Quheng

    ()
    (Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)

  • Gustafsson, Björn Anders

    ()
    (University of Gothenburg)

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    Abstract

    This paper analyzes child poverty in Bangladesh and China during periods of rapid economic growth in both countries. It compares the extent as well as profile of child poverty in both countries. Comparisons on the extent of child poverty, over time and across countries, are made using a decomposition framework attributing child poverty differences to differences in the three components mean child income, demographic circumstances and the distribution of child income. Child poverty is found to be more extensive in Bangladesh than in China, and is very much a problem for rural children in both countries. The results show that economic growth can reduce child poverty but does not do so always. For understanding changes over time and across countries in the extent of child poverty, it can be necessary to also consider changes/differences in the distribution of child income as well as in the demographic composition.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 5929.

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    Length: 30 pages
    Date of creation: Aug 2011
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: published in: Journal of Asian Economics, 2012, 23 (1), 73 - 85
    Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5929

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    Keywords: child poverty; economic growth; Bangladesh; China;

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    1. UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, 2007. "Child Poverty in Perspective: An overview of child well-being in rich countries," Innocenti Report Card, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre inreca07/13, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.
    2. Terry Sicular & Yue Ximing & Björn Gustafsson & Li Shi, 2007. "The Urban-Rural Income Gap And Inequality In China," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 53(1), pages 93-126, 03.
    3. Corak, Miles, 2005. "Principles and Practicalities for Measuring Child Poverty in the Rich Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 1579, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Ravallion, Martin & Datt, Gaurav & van de Walle, Dominique, 1991. "Quantifying Absolute Poverty in the Developing World," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 37(4), pages 345-61, December.
    5. Arne Bigsten & Abebe Shimeles, 2007. "Can Africa Reduce Poverty by Half by 2015?," Development Policy Review, Overseas Development Institute, Overseas Development Institute, vol. 25(2), pages 147-166, 03.
    6. Loayza, Norman V. & Raddatz, Claudio, 2010. "The composition of growth matters for poverty alleviation," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 93(1), pages 137-151, September.
    7. Miles Corak & Michael Fertig & Marcus Tamm, 2008. "A Portrait Of Child Poverty In Germany," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 54(4), pages 547-571, December.
    8. Kraay, Aart, 2006. "When is growth pro-poor? Evidence from a panel of countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 80(1), pages 198-227, June.
    9. Knight, John & Song, Lina, 1999. "The Rural-Urban Divide: Economic Disparities and Interactions in China," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780198293309, October.
    10. *Unicef, 2007. "Child Poverty in Perspective: An overview of child well-being in rich countries," Innocenti Report Card, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre inreca07/19, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.
    11. James Thurlow & Peter Wobst, 2006. "Not All Growth is Equally Good for the Poor: The Case of Zambia," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 15(4), pages 603-625, December.
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