The Impact of Local Labour Market Conditions on Participation in Further Education in England
AbstractOver the past 30 years, participation in Further Education (FE) in England has been markedly counter-cyclical. What is more, it has yet to increase beyond the peak of 70% reached in 1993, much to the concern of policy-makers. An obvious explanation for these facts is the availability of labour market opportunities, as measured by youth unemployment. Other things equal, the higher is youth unemployment, the more inclined young people will be to participate in FE. To assess this claim, we construct a 20-year panel of regional-level data. In line with this simple story, we find youth unemployment effects that are at least twice as large as those previously estimated, and that can explain the absence of any post-1993 increase, at least for boys. Other interesting findings concern the role of national returns to participation for boys, and cohort size for girls.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 550.
Length: 47 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2002
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
- J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
- I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
- I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2002-09-11 (All new papers)
- NEP-LAB-2002-09-11 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-URE-2002-09-11 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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- Christoph M. Schmidt & Michael Fertig & Mathias G. Sinning, 2009.
"The Impact of Demographic Change on Human Capital Accumulation,"
Ruhr Economic Papers
0107, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
- Fertig, Michael & Schmidt, Christoph M. & Sinning, Mathias G., 2009. "The impact of demographic change on human capital accumulation," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(6), pages 659-668, December.
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- Fertig, Michael & Schmidt, Christoph M. & Sinning, Mathias, 2009. "The Impact of Demographic Change on Human Capital Accumulation," IZA Discussion Papers 4180, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Torge Middendorf, 2007. "The Impact of Cohort Size and Local Labor Market Conditions on Human Capital Accumulation in Europe," Ruhr Economic Papers 0010, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
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