The Shape of the Income Distribution and Economic Growth: Evidence from Swedish Labor Market Regions
AbstractWe analyze the association between inequality and growth across 72 labor market regions in Sweden 1990-2006. Highly accurate measures of growth and inequality (gini, Q3, p9075, p5010) are derived from population register data. The regional set-up also reduces problems with omitted variable bias and endogeneity found in cross country comparisons since the regions within a country share the same redistributive policies and institutions. The findings suggest that inequality between the 90th and 75th percentiles enhances regional growth. This result no longer holds when we take into account changes in commuting patterns. Although only suggestive, the finding is interesting in that it is consistent with the hypothesis that inequality enhances growth by stimulating commuting incentives.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 5486.
Length: 53 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 2012, 59 (2), 196-223
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Other versions of this item:
- Danâ€Olof Rooth & Anders Stenberg, 2012. "The Shape of the Income Distribution and Economic Growth â€“ Evidence from Swedish Labor Market Regions," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 59(2), pages 196-223, 05.
- O4 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
- D3 - Microeconomics - - Distribution
- J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-02-26 (All new papers)
- NEP-FDG-2011-02-26 (Financial Development & Growth)
- NEP-GEO-2011-02-26 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-LAB-2011-02-26 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-LTV-2011-02-26 (Unemployment, Inequality & Poverty)
- NEP-URE-2011-02-26 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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