An Explanation for the Lower Payoff to Schooling for Immigrants in the Canadian Labour Market
AbstractThis paper examines the difference between the payoffs to schooling for immigrants and the native born in Canada, using 2001 Census data. Analyses are presented for males and females. Comparisons are offered with findings for the US. The paper uses the Overeducation/Required education/Undereducation framework (Hartog, 2000) and a decomposition developed by Chiswick and Miller (2008). This decomposition links overeducation to the less-than-perfect international transferability of immigrants' human capital, and under-education to favourable selection in immigration. The results show that immigrants have a lower payoff to schooling because of the different effects under-education and over-education have on their earnings. The effects of under-education, or selection in immigration, are, however, twice as large as the effects of over-education, or limited international transferability of human capital. Favourable selection in immigration appears to be less important in Canada than in the US, where it predominates among the least educated.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4448.
Length: 43 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Ted McDonald et al. (eds.): Canadian Immigration - Economic Evidence for a Dynamic Policy Environment, McGill-Queen's University Press, Montreal and Kingston, 2010, 41-75
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
- J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
- J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
- F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-10-10 (All new papers)
- NEP-HRM-2009-10-10 (Human Capital & Human Resource Management)
- NEP-LAB-2009-10-10 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-MIG-2009-10-10 (Economics of Human Migration)
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- Andersson Joona, Pernilla & Datta Gupta, Nabanita & Wadensjö, Eskil, 2012.
"Overeducation among Immigrants in Sweden: Incidence, Wage Effects and State-dependence,"
SULCIS Working Papers
2012:2, Stockholm University Linnaeus Center for Integration Studies - SULCIS.
- Andersson Joona, Pernilla & Datta Gupta, Nabanita & Wadensjö, Eskil, 2012. "Overeducation among Immigrants in Sweden: Incidence, Wage Effects and State-Dependence," IZA Discussion Papers 6695, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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