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Female Labor Market Transitions in Europe

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  • Kaiser, Lutz C.

    ()
    (North Rhine-Westphalia University of Applied Sciences)

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    Abstract

    Using micro panel data, labor market transitions are analyzed for the EU-member states by cumulative year-by-year transition probabilities. As female (non-)employment patterns changed more dramatically than male employment in past decades, the analyses mainly refer to female labor supply. In search for important determinants of these transitions, six EU-countries with different labor market-regimes are selected as examples (Denmark, Germany, Netherlands, Portugal, Ireland, UK). Within these countries, women’s determinants of labor market transitions are compared by means of pooled multinominal logit-regressions. The outcomes hint at both, the importance of socio-economic determinants, like the life cycle or human capital, but also address gender related differences in the paths of labor market transitions. Clearly, the observed cross-national differences are driven by specific national institutional settings. Among others, one of the most crucial features is the day-care infrastructure concerning children, which either fosters or restricts a sustainable risk management between family and work in the respective countries.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2115.

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    Length: 46 pages
    Date of creation: May 2006
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: published German version: Arbeitsmarktflexibilität, Arbeitsmarktübergänge und Familie: Die Europäische Perspektive, in: Szydlik, Marc (Ed.) (2008), Flexibilisierung – Folgen für Arbeit und Familie. Springer VS, pp. 295-313
    Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2115

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    Related research

    Keywords: labor supply; labor market transitions; socio-economic determinants; institutional settings; cross-national comparison; risk management;

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    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Pietro Garibaldi & Etienne Wasmer, 2004. "Raising female employment: Reflections and policy tools," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/169583, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    2. Merz, Monika, 2004. "Women's Hours of Market Work in Germany: The Role of Parental Leave," IZA Discussion Papers 1288, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Charles Michalopoulos & Philip K. Robins, 2000. "Employment and child-care choices in Canada and the United States," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 33(2), pages 435-470, May.
    4. Jenkins, Stephen P & Symons, Elizabeth J, 2001. "Child Care Costs and Lone Mothers' Employment Rates: UK Evidence," Manchester School, University of Manchester, University of Manchester, vol. 69(2), pages 121-47, March.
    5. James J. Heckman, 1974. "Effects of Child-Care Programs on Women's Work Effort," NBER Chapters, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, in: Marriage, Family, Human Capital, and Fertility, pages 136-169 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Kea Tijdens, 2002. "Gender Roles and Labor Use Strategies: Women's Part-Time Work in the European Union," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(1), pages 71-99.
    7. Patricia Apps & Ray Rees, 2004. "Fertility, Taxation and Family Policy," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 106(4), pages 745-763, December.
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