Raising Female Employment Reflections and Policy Tools
AbstractWhile there is consensus on the need to raise the time spent in the market by European women, it is not clear how these goals should be achieved. Tax wedges, assistance in the job search process, and part-time jobs are policy instruments that are widely debated in policy circles. The paper presents a simple model of labour supply with market frictions and heterogenous home production where the effects of these policies can be coherently analysed. We show that subsidies to labour market entry increase women's entrance in the labour market, but they also increase exits from the labour market, with ambiguous effect on employment. Subsidies to part-time do increase employment, but they have ambiguous effects on hours and market production. Finally, reductions in taxes on market activities that are highly substitutable with home production have unambiguous positive effects on market employment and production.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University in its series Working Papers with number 250.
Date of creation: 2003
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Other versions of this item:
- Pietro Garibaldi & Etienne Wasmer, 2004. "Raising Female Employment: Reflections and Policy Tools," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 2(2-3), pages 320-330, 04/05.
- Garibaldi, Pietro & Wasmer, Etienne, 2003. "Raising Female Employment: Reflexions and Policy Tools," IZA Discussion Papers 951, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Pietro Garibaldi & Etienne Wasmer, 2004. "Raising Female Employment : Reflections and Policy Tools," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/8942, Sciences Po.
- J0 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General
- J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
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