Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

The Impact of Tax and Transfer Systems on Children in the European Union

Contents:

Author Info

  • Corak, Miles

    ()
    (University of Ottawa)

  • Lietz, Christine

    ()
    (IHS - Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna)

  • Sutherland, Holly

    ()
    (ISER, University of Essex)

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to analyze the impact of fiscal policy on the economic resources available to children, and on the child poverty rate. A static microsimulation model specifically designed for the purposes of comparative fiscal analysis in the European Union, EUROMOD, is used to study the age incidence of government taxes and transfers in 2001 in 15 EU countries. Three related questions are addressed. First, what priorities are currently embodied in government budgets across age groups, and in particular to what degree do cash transfer and tax systems benefit children relative to older groups? Second, what fractions of the needs of children are supported by elements of the tax and transfer systems directed explicitly to them? And third, what impact do measures of public resources for children have on child poverty rates?

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://ftp.iza.org/dp1589.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 1589.

as in new window
Length: 65 pages
Date of creation: May 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp1589

Contact details of provider:
Postal: IZA, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany
Phone: +49 228 3894 223
Fax: +49 228 3894 180
Web page: http://www.iza.org

Order Information:
Postal: IZA, Margard Ody, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany
Email:

Related research

Keywords: poverty; children; social policy;

Other versions of this item:

Find related papers by JEL classification:

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

References

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
as in new window
  1. Lietz, Christine & Sutherland, Holly, 2005. "Social indicators and other income statistics using EUROMOD: an assessment of the 2001 Baseline and Changes 1998-2001," EUROMOD Working Papers EM6/05, EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.
  2. Matsaganis, Manos & O'Donoghue, Cathal & Levy, Horacio & Coromaldi, Manuela & Mercader-Prats, M. & Rodrigues, Carlos Farinha & Toso, Stefano & Tsakloglou, Panos, 2004. "Child poverty and family transfers in Southern Europe," EUROMOD Working Papers EM2/04, EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.
  3. Ermisch, John, 1989. "Intergenerational Transfers in Industrialised Countries: Effects of Age Distribution and Economic Institutions," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 1(4), pages 269-84.
  4. Atkinson, A.B., 2005. "EUROMOD and the development of EU social policy," EUROMOD Working Papers EM1/05, EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.
  5. Immervoll, Herwig & O'Donoghue, Cathal, 2003. "Employment transitions in 13 European countries: levels, distributions and determining factors of net replacement rates," EUROMOD Working Papers EM3/03, EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.
  6. Willem Adema, 1999. "Net Social Expenditure," OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Papers, OECD Publishing 39, OECD Publishing.
  7. Esther Duflo, 2000. "Child Health and Household Resources in South Africa: Evidence from the Old Age Pension Program," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 90(2), pages 393-398, May.
  8. Sutherland, Holly & Immervoll, Herwig & O'Donoghue, Cathal, 1999. "An introduction to EUROMOD," EUROMOD Working Papers EM0/99, EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.
  9. Mantovani, Daniela & Sutherland, Holly, 2003. "Social indicators and other income statistics using the EUROMOD baseline: a comparison with Eurostat and National Statistics," EUROMOD Working Papers EM1/03, EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.
  10. Christopher Heady & Theodore Mitrakos & Panos Tsakloglou, 2001. "The distributional impact of social transfers in the European Union: evidence from the ECHP," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 22(4), pages 547-565., December.
  11. Kotlikoff, L.J. & Raffelhuschen, B., 1999. "Generational Accounting around the Globe," Norway; Department of Economics, University of Bergen, Department of Economics, University of Bergen 195, Department of Economics, University of Bergen.
  12. Verbist, Gerlinde, 2005. "Replacement incomes and taxes: a distributional analysis for the EU-15 countries," EUROMOD Working Papers EM2/05, EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.
  13. Ruth Hancock & Stephen Pudney & Geraldine Barker & Monica Hernandez & Holly Sutherland, 2004. "The Take-Up of Multiple Means-Tested Benefits by British Pensioners: Evidence from the Family Resources Survey," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 25(3), pages 279-303, September.
  14. Wen-Hao Chen & Miles Corak, 2008. "Child poverty and changes in child poverty," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 45(3), pages 537-553, August.
  15. Sutherland, Holly, 2001. "EUROMOD: an integrated European benefit-tax model: final report," EUROMOD Working Papers EM9/01, EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.
  16. Atkinson, Tony & Cantillon, Bea & Marlier, Eric & Nolan, Brian, 2002. "Social Indicators: The EU and Social Inclusion," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780199253494, October.
  17. Callan, Tim & Sutherland, Holly, 1997. "The impact of comparable policies in European countries: Microsimulation approaches," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(3-5), pages 627-633, April.
  18. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-66, May.
  19. Verbist, Gerlinde, 2004. "Redistributive effect and progressivity of taxes: an international comparison across the EU using EUROMOD," EUROMOD Working Papers EM5/04, EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

Citations

Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
as in new window

Cited by:
  1. Michael Fertig & Marcus Tamm & Miles Corak, 2005. "A Portrait of Child Poverty in Germany," RWI Discussion Papers, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung 0026, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung.
  2. Lietz, Christine & Mantovani, Daniela, 2006. "Lessons from building and using EUROMOD," EUROMOD Working Papers EM5/06, EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.
  3. Dang, Thai-Thanh & Immervoll, Herwig & Mantovani, Daniela & Orsini, Kristian & Sutherland, Holly, 2006. "An Age Perspective on Economic Well-Being and Social Protection in Nine OECD Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 2173, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Levy, Horacio & Lietz, Christine & Sutherland, Holly, 2006. "Alternative Tax-Benefit Strategies to Support Children in the European Union. Recent Reforms in Austria, Spain and the UK," Economics Series, Institute for Advanced Studies 185, Institute for Advanced Studies.
  5. Ive Marx & Sarah Marchal & Brian Nolan, 2012. "GINI DP 56: Mind the Gap: Net Incomes of Minimum Wage Workers in the EU and the US," GINI Discussion Papers, AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies 56, AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies.
  6. Alexandre Baclet & Fabien Dell & Katharina Wrohlich, 2005. "Income Taxation and Household Size: Would French Family Splitting Make German Families Better Off ?," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 542, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  7. Levy, Horacio & Lietz, Christine & Sutherland, Holly, 2005. "Alternative tax-benefits strategies to support children in the European Union: recent reforms in Austria, Spain and the United Kingdom," EUROMOD Working Papers EM10/05, EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.
  8. Marx, Ive & Nolan, Brian & Olivera, Javier, 2014. "The Welfare State and Anti-Poverty Policy in Rich Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 8154, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Marx, Ive & Vanhille, Josefine & Verbist, Gerlinde, 2011. "Combating In-Work Poverty in Continental Europe: An Investigation Using the Belgian Case," IZA Discussion Papers 6067, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  10. Figari, Francesco & Paulus, Alari & Sutherland, Holly, 2009. "Measuring the size and impact of public cash support for children in cross-national perspective," EUROMOD Working Papers EM6/09, EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.
  11. Lina Salanauskaite & Verbist, G. (Gerlinde), 2011. "GINI DP 25: Is the “Neighbour’s” Lawn Greener? Comparing Family Support in Lithuania and Four Other NMS," GINI Discussion Papers, AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies 25, AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies.
  12. Louise Sheiner, 2009. "Intergenerational aspects of health care," Finance and Economics Discussion Series, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) 2009-38, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  13. Alexandre Baclet & Fabien Dell & Viktor Steiner & Katharina Wrohlich, 2005. "Verteilungseffekte der staatlichen Familienförderung: ein empirischer Vergleich zwischen Deutschland und Frankreich ; Kurzexpertise ; Forschungsprojekt im Auftrag der Hans-Böckler-Stiftung, Forschun," DIW Berlin: Politikberatung kompakt, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, volume 9, number pbk9, July.

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp1589. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Mark Fallak).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.