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Poverty among women in Latin America: Feminization or over-representation?

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  • Marcelo Medeiros

    ()
    (International Poverty Centre)

  • Joana Costa

    ()
    (International Poverty Centre)

Abstract

We propose two different concepts of feminization of poverty and analyze household survey data to verify if there is an ongoing feminization of poverty in eight Latin American countries, according to each of these concepts. We also verify if our results respond to changes in values of poverty lines and to different scenarios of intra-household inequalities, concluding that poverty may be higher among women, but there is no clear evidence of a recent and widespread feminization of poverty in the countries studied.

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File URL: http://www.ipc-undp.org/pub/IPCWorkingPaper20.pdf
File Function: First version, 2006
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth in its series Working Papers with number 20.

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Length: 20
Date of creation: May 2006
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published by UNDP - International Poverty Centre, May 2006, pages 1-20
Handle: RePEc:ipc:wpaper:20

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Keywords: Feminization of poverty; Gender inequalities; Poverty; Female headed households; Latin America;

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References

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  1. Lipton, Michael & Ravallion, Martin, 1995. "Poverty and policy," Handbook of Development Economics, Elsevier, in: Hollis Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 41, pages 2551-2657 Elsevier.
  2. Quisumbing, Agnes R. & Maluccio, John A., 2000. "Intrahousehold allocation and gender relations," FCND briefs, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 84, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  3. Wright, Robert E, 1992. "A Feminisation of Poverty in Great Britain?," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 38(1), pages 17-25, March.
  4. Haddad, L. & Kanbur, R., 1989. "How Serious Is The Neglectof Intra-Household Inequality?," Papers, Stockholm - International Economic Studies 450, Stockholm - International Economic Studies.
  5. Quisumbing, Agnes R. & Haddad, Lawrence James & Peña, Christine, 1995. "Gender and poverty," FCND discussion papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 9, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  6. Martin D. Dooley, 1994. "Women, Children and Poverty in Canada," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, University of Toronto Press, vol. 20(4), pages 430-443, December.
  7. Fuwa, Nobuhiko, 2000. "The Poverty and Heterogeneity Among Female-Headed Households Revisited: The Case of Panama," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(8), pages 1515-1542, August.
  8. Findlay, Jeanette & Wright, Robert E, 1996. "Gender, Poverty and the Intra-household Distribution of Resources," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 42(3), pages 335-51, September.
  9. Dasgupta, Indraneel, 2001. "Gender-biased redistribution and intra-household distribution," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 45(9), pages 1711-1722, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Gindling, T. H. & Oviedo, Luis, 2008. "Single Mothers and Poverty in Costa Rica," IZA Discussion Papers 3286, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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