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Why does Health Share of Income Increase over Time?

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  • Rodrigo Cerda

    ()
    (Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile.)

Abstract

This paper deals with the view that income elasticity of health care is larger than one, as argued by empirical results on the literature. We build a theoretical model that shows that endogenous demographic transition may play a fundamental role on this result. It is argued that families must choose the number and the life expectancy of their members. Due to limited resources, there is a trade-o. between those two variables though. It is shown that increases on income may produce a demographic transition that allows a larger allocation of resources to health care.

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File URL: http://www.economia.puc.cl/docs/dt_207.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. in its series Documentos de Trabajo with number 207.

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Date of creation: 2002
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Handle: RePEc:ioe:doctra:207

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Related research

Keywords: Health share of income; life expectancy; demographic transition;

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  1. Imrohoruglu, Ayse, 1989. "Cost of Business Cycles with Indivisibilities and Liquidity Constraints," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(6), pages 1364-83, December.
  2. Blomqvist, A. G. & Carter, R. A. L., 1997. "Is health care really a luxury?," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 207-229, April.
  3. Gary S. Becker & Kevin M. Murphy & Robert F. Tamura, 1990. "Human Capital, Fertility, and Economic Growth," NBER Working Papers 3414, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. S. Rao Aiyagari, 1993. "Uninsured idiosyncratic risk and aggregate saving," Working Papers 502, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  5. Gerdtham, Ulf-G. & Jonsson, Bengt, 1991. "Conversion factor instability in international comparisons of health care expenditure," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 227-234, July.
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