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Regional development in advanced countries: A within-country application of the Human Development Index for Austria

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  • Lukas Schrott

    ()

  • Martin Gächter

    ()

  • Engelbert Theurl

    ()

Abstract

Since its implementation in 1990 the human development index (HDI), the flagship indicator of multidimensional development, has attracted a great deal of attention and critics in academic, political and media circles. It initiated a new stage in the discussion of appropriate indicators to measure socioeconomic development. Until now, the vast majority of empirical work using the HDI-concept takes a cross country perspective, mainly on a world wide, but also on world region scales. We add additional insights to the HDI-concept by applying it to regional differences in the socioeconomic development in a highly developed country. Thereby, a modified version of the HDI, called RDI, is applied to recent cross section data at the district level for Austria. There exists considerably heterogeneity across districts in the RDI and its components. Our Theil-decomposition reveals that the overwhelming part of the observed heterogeneity is based on differences within provinces (96 percent), although the differences in life expectancy between the provinces explain a substantial part of the overall heterogeneity in this indicator (54 percent).

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File URL: http://eeecon.uibk.ac.at/wopec2/repec/inn/wpaper/2012-23.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Faculty of Economics and Statistics, University of Innsbruck in its series Working Papers with number 2012-23.

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Length: 33
Date of creation: Oct 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:inn:wpaper:2012-23

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Keywords: welfare; prosperity; development; regional; life expectancy; education; income; decomposition; Austria;

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  1. Dasgupta, Partha & Weale, Martin, 1992. "On measuring the quality of life," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 119-131, January.
  2. Sagar, Ambuj D. & Najam, Adil, 1998. "The human development index: a critical review," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 249-264, June.
  3. Jeni Klugman & Francisco Rodríguez & Hyung-Jin Choi, 2011. "The HDI 2010: new controversies, old critiques," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, Springer, vol. 9(2), pages 249-288, June.
  4. Harttgen, Kenneth & Klasen, Stephan, 2010. "A household-based Human Development Index," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Hannover 2010 30, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
  5. Ram Rati, 1992. "International inequalities in human development and real income," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 351-354, March.
  6. Kazuhiko Kakamu & Mototsugu Fukushige, 2009. "Multilevel Decomposition Methods For Income Inequality Measures," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 60(3), pages 333-344.
  7. Gary S. Becker & Tomas J. Philipson & Rodrigo R. Soares, 2003. "The Quantity and Quality of Life and the Evolution of World Inequality," NBER Working Papers 9765, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Desai, Meghnad, 1991. "Human development : Concepts and measurement," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 35(2-3), pages 350-357, April.
  9. Sabina Alkire and Maria Emma Santos, 2010. "Acute Multidimensional Poverty: A New Index for Developing Countries," OPHI Working Papers ophiwp038, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
  10. Gustav Ranis & Frances Stewart & Emma Samman, 2006. "Human Development: Beyond the Human Development Index," Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(3), pages 323-358.
  11. Martin Gaechter & Engelbert Theurl, 2010. "Health Status Convergence at the Local Level: Empirical Evidence from Austria," Working Papers, Faculty of Economics and Statistics, University of Innsbruck 2010-23, Faculty of Economics and Statistics, University of Innsbruck, revised Mar 2011.
  12. Shyamal Chowdhury & Lyn Squire, 2006. "Setting weights for aggregate indices: An application to the commitment to development index and human development index," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(5), pages 761-771.
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Cited by:
  1. Wail BENAABDELAALI & Zouhair BENNAGHMOUCH & Sanaa CHEDDADI & Abdelhak KAMAL, 2013. "Disparites Regionales De Developpement Humain Au Maroc," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 37, pages 65-93.

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