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Mercados de Gas Natual: Análisis Comparado de la Experiencia Internacional


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Este trabajo realiza un análisis detallado de la evolución de la industria del Gas Natural a nivel internacional, con miras a obtener rasgos y políticas comunes que brinden información para ser utilizada en mercados menos desarrollados o en plena fase de maduración. El estudio concluye con el análisis que compara el diseño de la industria Chilena bis a bis la internacional. Se encuentra en este artículo que el diseño de la industria del Gas Natural Chileno es un híbrido. Por un lado su estructura verticalmente integrada es similar a los modelos europeo o argentino antes de sus reformas, pero con una participación mucho mayor del sector privado; por otro lado, la política de precios no regulados se asemeja a la aplicada actualmente en Estados Unidos y el Reino Unido, países en donde se regula la estructura de la industria. En suma, lo que es definitivamente sui generis del caso Chileno es que junto a un diseño de precios completamente desregulados, coexiste también una estructura de la industria completamente desregulada. Se sugiere incorporar elementos que aumenten el grado de competencia en la industria, tales como aumentar el grado de integración física de las redes, garantizar el acceso abierto en transporte y distribución, separar al menos funcionalmente los distintos segmentos de la industria, y crear mercados spot y los instrumentos financieros de aseguramiento asociados.

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Paper provided by Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines in its series ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers with number inv150.

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Handle: RePEc:ila:ilades:inv150

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  1. Asche, Frank & Osmundsen, Petter & Tveteras, Ragnar, 2002. "European market integration for gas? Volume flexibility and political risk," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 249-265, May.
  2. David M. Newbery, 2002. "Privatization, Restructuring, and Regulation of Network Utilities," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262640481, December.
  3. Constanza Fosco Perea Muñoz & Eduardo Saavedra, . "Precios de Gas Natural en Chile: Una Primera Mirada al Desempeño de un Mercado Liberalizado," ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers inv148, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines.
  4. R. Glenn Hubbard & Robert J. Weiner, 1990. "Efficient Contracting and Market Power: Evidence from the U.S. Natural Gas Industry," NBER Working Papers 3502, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Frank Asche & Petter Osmundsen & Ragnar Tveterås, 2001. "Energy Taxes and Natural Gas Demand in EU-Countries," CESifo Working Paper Series 516, CESifo Group Munich.
  6. Constanza Fosco Perea Muñoz & Eduardo Saavedra, . "Estructura de la Industria y Relaciones Patrimoniales del Gas Natural en Chile," ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers inv147, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines.
  7. Juris, Andrej, 1998. "The emergence of markets in the natural gas industry," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1895, The World Bank.
  8. Doane, Michael J & Spulber, Daniel F, 1994. "Open Access and the Evolution of the U.S. Spot Market for Natural Gas," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 37(2), pages 477-517, October.
  9. Juris, Andrej, 1998. "Development of natural gas and pipeline capacity markets in the United States," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1897, The World Bank.
  10. Jadresic, Alejandro, 2000. "Investment in natural gas pipelines in the Southern Cone of Latin America," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2315, The World Bank.
  11. Guido Pepermans & Stef Proost, 2000. "The Liberalisation of the Energy Sector in the European Union," Energy, Transport and Environment Working Papers Series ete0003, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën, Energy, Transport and Environment.
  12. Clinch, J. Peter & Healy, John D., 2000. "Domestic energy efficiency in Ireland: correcting market failure," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 1-8, January.
  13. Hubbard, R Glenn & Weiner, Robert J, 1986. "Regulation and Long-term Contracting in U.S. Natural Gas Markets," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(1), pages 71-79, September.
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