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Effects on School Enrollment and Performance of a Conditional Transfers Program in Mexico

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  • Dubois, Pierre
  • de Janvry, Alain
  • Sadoulet, Elisabeth

Abstract

We study the effects of a conditional transfers program on school enrollment and performance in Mexico. We provide a theoretical framework for analyzing the dynamic educational decision and process including the endogeneity and uncertainty of performance (passing grades) and the effect of a conditional cash transfer program for children enrolled at school. Careful identification of the program impact on this model is studied. This framework is used to study the Mexican social program Progresa in which a randomized experiment has been implemented and allows us to identify the effect of the conditional cash transfer program on enrollment and performance at school. Using the rules of the conditional program, we can explain the different incentive effects provided. We also derive the formal identifying assumptions needed to provide consistent estimates of the average treatment effects on enrollment and performance at school. We estimate empirically these effects and find that Progresa had always a positive impact on school continuation whereas for performance it had a positive impact at primary school but a negative one at secondary school, a possible consequence of disincentives due to the program termination after the third year of secondary school. ...French Abstract : Les auteurs étudient les effets d'un programme de transferts conditionnels sur l'inscription et la performance a l'école au Mexique. Ils élaborent un modèle théorique permettant d'analyser les décisions dynamiques d'éducation tenant compte de l'endogénéité et de l'incertitude sur la performance (redoublement) et l'effet d'un programme conditionnel de transferts pour les enfants inscrits à l'école. L'identification de l'impact du programme sur ce modèle est étudiée. Ce modèle est utilisé pour étudier le programme social mexicain Progresa dans lequel une expérience randomisée a été implémentée et permet d'identifier les effets du programme conditionnel de transferts sur l'inscript

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse in its series IDEI Working Papers with number 114.

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Date of creation: 2000
Date of revision: Sep 2011
Publication status: Published in Journal of Labor Economics, vol.�30, n°3, juillet 2012, p.�555-589.
Handle: RePEc:ide:wpaper:600

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Cited by:
  1. Daniela Del Boca & Christopher Flinn & Matthew Wiswall, 2014. "Transfers to Households with Children and Child Development," CHILD Working Papers Series 25, Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD) - CCA.
  2. Paul Glewwe & Ana Lucia Kassouf, 2008. "The Impact of the Bolsa Escola/Familia Conditional Cash Transfer Program on Enrollment, Drop Out Rates and Grade Promotion in Brazil," Working Papers 08_16, Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade de Ribeirão Preto.
  3. Angelucci, Manuela, 2004. "Aid and Migration: An Analysis of the Impact of Progresa on the Timing and Size of Labour Migration," IZA Discussion Papers 1187, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Manacorda, Marco, 2010. "The Cost of Grade Retention," CEPR Discussion Papers 7889, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Gitter, Seth R. & Barham, Bradford L., 2007. "Credit, Natural Disasters, Coffee, and Educational Attainment in Rural Honduras," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 498-511, March.
  6. Del Rey, Elena & Estevan, Fernanda, 2013. "Conditional cash transfers and education quality in the presence of credit constraints," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 76-84.

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